Mobile QR Code QR CODE : Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering

Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering

ISO Journal TitleKorean J. Air-Cond. Refrig. Eng.
  • Open Access, Monthly
Open Access Monthly
  • ISSN : 1229-6422 (Print)
  • ISSN : 2465-7611 (Online)
Title Determination of Optimal Set-point Temperature with Load Dissatisfaction and Energy Consumptions for Outdoor Temperature Reset Control of Heating Supply Systems in Apartment Buildings
Authors Gyuhwan Yeom ; Chanuk Lee ; Dong Eun Jung ; Sung Lok Do
Page pp.179-190
ISSN 1229-6422
Keywords 공동주택; 난방공급온도; 외기보상제어; 최적 설정온도; 정규화 Apartment building; Heating supply water temperature; Outdoor temperature reset control; Optimal setpoint temperature; Normalization
Abstract The outdoor temperature reset (OTR) control method is widely used to control the setpoint temperature of heating supply water obtained from heat exchangers at mechanical rooms in an apartment building using district heating. In general, the OTR control consists of an algorithm that sets the maximum and minimum water setpoint temperatures based on the outdoor air temperature. The water temperature settings are very important variables when optimizing the performance of OTR control systems. However, in most apartment buildings these temperatures are arbitrarily determined according to the facility operator’s experience. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to determination the optimal setpoint temperatures for OTR control that also take into consideration heating energy consumption and load dissatisfaction. As a result, the optimal water setpoint temperatures for balancing each system’s thermal load dissatisfaction and heating energy consumption were 60.75℃ (maximum) and 45.75℃ (minimum) for four test cases examined in this study. In terms of applying the optimal setpoint temperatures, the consumption of energy was lower and thermal load dissatisfaction moderate as compared to the test cases. This study argue that OTR control using the optimal setpoint temperature will reduce heating energy and provide a stable thermal load.