Mobile QR Code QR CODE : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Title A Study on High-Efficiency MPPT Algorithm Based on P&O Method with Variable Step Size
Authors Bongsuck Kim ; Jiajun Ding ; Woosik Sim ; Jongmin Jo ; Hanju Cha
Page pp.1-8
ISSN 1229-2214
Keywords Maximum power point tracking ; PV system ; P&O method ; Duty control ; Variable step
Abstract In this study, a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm based on the perturb and observe (P&O) method with variable step size is proposed to improve the dynamic response characteristic of MPPT, using the existing P&O method. The proposed algorithm, which we verified by simulation and experiment, can track the maximum power point (MPP) through duty control and consisted of three operation modes, namely, constant voltage mode, fast mode, and variable step mode. When the insolation is constant, the voltage variation of the operating point at the MPP is reduced through the step size reduction of the duty in the variable step mode. Consequently, the vibration of the operating point is reduced, and the power generation efficiency is increased. When the insolation changes, the duty and the photovoltaic (PV) voltage are kept constant through the constant voltage mode. The operating point then rapidly tracks the new MPP through the fast-mode operation at the end of the insolation change. When the MPP is reached, the operation is changed to the variable step mode to reduce the duty step size and track the MPP. The validity of the proposed algorithm is verified by simulation and experiment of a PV system composed of a PV panel and a boost converter.