Mobile QR Code QR CODE : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Title Bi-Directional Buck-Boost Forward Converter for Photovoltaic Module type Power Conditioning System
Authors Kyoung-Tak Kim ; Young-Tae Jeon ; Joung-Hu Park
DOI 10.6113/TKPE/2016.21.4.335
Page pp.335-342
ISSN 1229-2214
Keywords SCPVM(Self-Controlled PV Module); Bi-directional dc-dc converter; Voltage balance; MPPT(Maximum Power Point Tracking); Partial shading
Abstract This paper proposes an energy storage-assisted, series-connected module-integrated power conversion system that integrates a photovoltaic power conditioner and a charge balancing circuit. In conventional methods, a photovoltaic power conditioner and a cell-balancing circuit are needed for photovoltaic systems with energy storage devices, but they cause a complex configuration and high cost. Moreover, an imbalanced output voltage of the module-integrated converter for PV panels can be a result of partial shading. Partial shading can lead to the fault condition of the boost converter in shaded modules and high voltage stresses on the devices in other modules. To overcome these problems, a bidirectional buck-boost converter with an integrated magnetic device operating for a charge-balancing circuit is proposed. The proposed circuit has multiple secondary rectifiers with inductors sharing a single magnetic core, which works as an inductor for the main bidirectional charger/discharger of the energy storage. The secondary rectifiers operate as a cell-balancing circuit for both energy storage and the series-connected multiple outputs of the module-integrated converter. The operating principle of the cell-balancing power conversion circuit and the power stage design are presented and validated by PSIM simulation for analysis. A hardware prototype with equivalent photovoltaic modules is implemented for verification. The results verify that the modularized photovoltaic power conversion system in the output series with an energy storage successfully works with the proposed low-cost bidirectional buck-boost converter comprising a single magnetic device.