Mobile QR Code QR CODE : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Title Development of the Control Algorithm for the Small PEM Fuel Cell Stack
Authors Tae-Hoon Kim ; Woojin Choi
DOI 10.6113/TKPE/2010.15.2.134
Page pp.134-141
ISSN 1229-2214
Keywords Small PEM fuel cell; Balance of Plant; Dual loop control; Air supply; Water management; DSP
Abstract Small PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) fuel cell systems do not require humidification and have great commercialization possibilities. However, methods for controlling small PEM fuel cell stacks have not been clearly established. In this paper, a control method for small PEM fuel cell systems using a dual closed loop with a static feedforward structure is defined and realized using a DSP (Digital Signal Processor). The fundamental elements that need to be controlled in fuel cell systems include the supply of air and hydrogen, water management inside the stack, and heat management of the stack. For small PEM fuel cell stacks operated without a separate humidifier, fans are essential for air supply, heat management, and water management of the stack. A purge valve discharges surplus water from the stack. The proposed method controls the fan using double control loops to quicken transient response of the fan thereby improving the supply rate of air. Feedback control to compensate for the voltage change in fuel cell stack improves the response characteristics in fuel cell to load variations. The feasibility of proposed method was proved by the experiments with a 60W small PEM fuel cell system and operation of a notebook computer using this system.