Mobile QR Code QR CODE : Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering

Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering

ISO Journal TitleKorean J. Air-Cond. Refrig. Eng.
Open Access Monthly
  • ISSN : 1229-6422 (Print)
  • ISSN : 2465-7611 (Online)

차량용 CO2 에어컨 사이클 성능 향상을 위한 일체형 팽창기-압축기 성능 해석 An Analysis of the Performance of a Combined Expander-Compressor Unit for a CO2 Automotive Air Conditioning Cycle

Jae Woong Choi ; Jeong Taek Lim ; Hyun Jin Kim

A design combining the use of a compressor and expander was introduced in order to improve the cycle performance of a CO2 automotive air conditioning system. Both the compressor and expander used were of rotary vane type and were designed to share a common shaft in a housing. Numerical simulation was carried out to evaluate the merit of the combined unit. In a typical automotive air conditioning operating conditions, the COP of the system was improved by 8.7% by the application of the combined unit. The compressor input was reduced by 5.2% through use of the expander output. In addition, about 3.06% increase in the cooling capacity was obtained through isentropic expansion in the expander. Our study noted that, as the pressure difference between the gas cooler and the evaporator becomes larger, the COP of the system improved increases unless the mass flow rate in the expander exceeds that in the compressor.

신축 공동주택에서 플러쉬아웃에 따른 폼알데하이드 농도 저감 효과에 관한 연구 Effects of Flush-out in the Reduction of Formaldehyde in Newly Built Residential Buildings

Sang In Park ; Joo Han Kim ; J.S. Park

The purpose of this study was to confirm the effects of flush-out in the reduction of formaldehyde concentration in newly built residential buildings. The field measurements were conducted on two complexes of multi-residential buildings which are located in the suburban area of Seoul. About eight samples of residential buildings were selected to measure the changes in formaldehyde concentrations after flush-out from the two apartment complexes. The concentration of formaldehyde was measured using DNPH cartridge and HPLC. From the results of the field measurements, it was established that indoor formaldehyde concentration decreases 27.6~54.2% in the samples after flush-out. The number of days that the flush-out were conducted was noted to have no significant influence on the reduction rate of formaldehyde concentration when the flush-out continued more than 7 days. The comparison with Bake-out showed that flush-out also can reduce formaldehyde in newly built buildings as same levels of it.

직선터널에서 지하철 열차의 교차운행 시 반사파 간섭에 따른 유동 특성 비교분석 Comparative Analysis of Flow Characteristics Using Reflected Pressure Wave at Crossing of Subway Trains in Straight Tunnel

Deuksun Lee ; Jungmin Cho ; Myeongho Lee ; Jaeyong Sung

In this study, CFD is used to compare and analyze the flow characteristics using reflected pressure wave during the intersection of two trains in straight tunnel. Two tunnels of different lengths; 600 m and 3,400 m were designed and numerical analysis of the flow characteristics of two tunnels carried out by setting the crossing state of the two trains at a constant velocity of 27 m/s form the center of the tunnel. The simulation model was designed using the actual tunnel and subway dimensions The train motion was achieved by using the moving mesh method. For the numerical analysis, k-ω standard turbulence model and an ideal gas were used to set the flow conditions of three-dimensional, compressible and unsteady state. In the analysis results, it was observed that the inside of the long tunnel without interference of the reflected pressure wave was maintained at a pressure lower than the atmospheric pressure and that the flow direction was determined by the pressure gradient and shear flow. On the other hand, the flow velocity in the short tunnel was faster and the pressure fluctuation was noted to have increased due to the reflected pressure wave, with more vortices formed. In addition, the flow velocity was noted to have changed more irregularly.

부하 대응 제어방식을 적용한 축열식 히트펌프시스템의 성능 해석 A Performance Analysis on a Heat pump with Thermal Storage Adopting Load Response Control Method

Dong Jun Kim ; Byung Ha Kang ; Young Soo Chang

We use heat pumps with thermal storage system to reduce peak usage of electric power during winters and summers. A heat pump stores thermal energy in a thermal storage tank during the night, to meet load requirements during the day. This system stabilizes the supply and demand of electric power; moreover by utilizing the inexpensive midnight electric power, thus making it cost effective. In this study, we propose a system wherein the thermal storage tank and heat pump are modeled using the TRNSYS, whereas the control simulations are performed by (i) conventional control methods (i.e., thermal storage priority method and heat pump priority method); (ii) region control method, which operates at the optimal part load ratio of the heat pump; (iii) load response control method, which minimizes operating cost responding to load; and (iv) dynamic programming method, which runs the system by following the minimum cost path. We observed that the electricity cost using the region control method, load response control approach, and dynamic programing method was lower compared to using conventional control techniques. According to the annual simulation results, the electricity cost utilizing the load response control method is 43% and 4.4% lower than those obtained by the conventional techniques. We can note that the result related to the power cost was similar to that obtained by the dynamic programming method based on the load prediction. We can, therefore, conclude that the load response control method turned out to be more advantageous when compared to the conventional techniques regarding power consumption and electricity costs.

고분자 전해질 연료전지 멀티 스택 시스템의 수소극 흐름방향에 따른 습도분포 및 성능변화 Humidity Distribution and Performance Variation of a PEMFC Multi Stack System According to the Direction of Anodic Supply

Yongtaek Lee

In this study the performance and humidity variation for 2 unit cells connected in series were experimentally measured. The relative flow direction of hydrogen and air was changed from parallel flow to counter flow. Internal humidity distribution was then measured by 5 embedded sensors on each channel. In all experimental conditions, the former unit cell showed a better performance and the gap is noted to be higher when counter flow is applied. The performance was noted to be higher at high humidification case in the parallel flow. However, in the counter flow, the difference of performance according to the humidification is negligible. Hydrogen and air are discharged from the PEMFC unsaturated with water vapor at parallel flow/low humidification condition, which explains lower performance of the PEMFC than other conditions. The humidities in hydrogen and air streams of counter flow were noted to increase rapidly even at low humidification condition and the consequential even hydration of membrane is the reason of higher performance.

운전자의 심리·생리 반응을 고려한 승용차 쾌적 난방 모드에 관한 연구 Research on the Thermal Comfort Heating Mode Considering Psychological and Physiological Response of Automobile Drivers

Min Soo Kim ; Jong Soo Kum ; Jong Il Park ; Dong Gyu Kim

In this research, the psychological and physiological reactions of the driver were measured during winter to evaluate thermal comfort. The experiment was conducted using 3 different cases which are hot air heating, warm-wire seat heating and hot air & warm-wire seat heater operating simultaneously. With regard to psychological reaction, the warm-wire heating mode was the most preferred. The reason is that it is dry in other cases. With regard to EEG response, thermal comfort increased by 37% in warm air mode heating. In addition, when the warm-wire heating mode and the hot air & warm-wire heating mode were simultaneously operated, the thermal comfort continuously increased by between 17% and 20% for 20 minutes after boarding. Under the change of the autonomic nervous system, the thermal stress level increased by 23% after 15 minutes on board in the hot air heating mode and decreased continuously by 13% during the warm-wire seat heating mode. We recommended the hot air heating mode is only used for a short time to raise the inside temperature during the early boarding period and that warm-wire seat heating mode be actively utilized.