Mobile QR Code QR CODE : Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering

Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering

ISO Journal TitleKorean J. Air-Cond. Refrig. Eng.
Open Access Monthly
  • ISSN : 1229-6422 (Print)
  • ISSN : 2465-7611 (Online)

질소이온 조사된 알루미늄 표면의 표면에너지 변화 및 증기응축 현상 관찰 Observation of Surface Energy Variations and Condensate Behaviors on Nitrogen Ion Implanted Aluminum Surfaces

Kiwook Kim ; Ji Hwan Jeong

Nitrogen ion with various levels of dose and irradiation energy was irradiated on aluminum surfaces. Contact angle of surface was increased and surface color was changed by nitrogen ion implantation. During steam condensation experiment using nitrogen ion implanted specimen, dropwise condensation initially occurred on specimens. However, condensation mode eventually changed into filmwise condensation. The color of the surface was also changed from yellow-brown to silver-white. This change of surface color and condensation mode were results of hydrolysis reaction between condensate and nitrogen ion implanted on aluminum surfaces.

공동주택의 세대별 균등 배기량을 확보 하는 제어방법에 관한 연구 Control Method to Ensure Uniform Exhaust Function by Household of Apartment House

Yong-Il Kwon

This study was conducted to present an effective control method for the common duct system to uniformly discharge volume flow rate exhausted from the kitchen and bathroom of each household in an apartment regardless of the position of household. Since the common duct system is installed vertically and the ventilator is installed in the terminal, the static pressure of each household decreases when vertical height increases. Therefore, the volume flow rate exhausted from each household is different. In order to improve such a phenomenon, a constant air volume damper shall be installed in a branch duct coupled with a common vertical duct system. The selected ventilator should also be able to handle the maximum volume flow rate considering diversity factor. Therefore, a uniform volume flow rate must be exhausted from all households where the hood is operated. This paper mainly focuses on suggestion of an optimum exhaust control method by comparing exhaust performance of each household according to the presence or absence of a constant air volume damper.

신재생에너지 단독주택 모델 냉방운전의 선형계획법 기반 운전 최적화 연구 Optimal Cooling Operation of a Single Family House Model Equipped with Renewable Energy Facility by Linear Programming

Younggy Shin ; Eui-Jong Kim ; Kyoung-ho Lee

Optimal cooling operation algorithm was developed based on a simulation case of a single family house model equipped with renewable energy facility. EnergyPlus simulation results were used as virtual test data. The model contained three energy storage elements: thermal heat capacity of the living room, chilled water storage tank, and battery. Their charging and discharging schedules were optimized so that daily electricity bill became minimal. As an optimization tool, linear programming was considered because it was possible to obtain results in real time. For its adoption, EnergyPlus-based house model had to be linearly approximated. Results of this study revealed that dynamic cooling load of the living room could be approximated by a linear RC model. Scheduling based on the linear programming was then compared to that by a nonlinear optimization algorithm which was made using GenOpt developed by a national lab in USA. They showed quite similar performances. Therefore, linear programming can be a practical solution to optimal operation scheduling if linear dynamic models are tuned to simulate their real equivalents with reasonable accuracy.

엇갈림 휜을 갖는 전자기기의 열유동 모델링 및 휜 형상 최적 설계 Thermal and Flow Modeling and Fin Structure Optimization of an Electrical Device with a Staggered Fin

Chiwon Kim ; Kwan-Soo Lee ; Moon Su Yeo

Thermal and flow modeling and fin structure optimization were performed to reduce the weight of an electrical device with a staggered fin. First, a numerical model for thermal and flow characteristics was suggested, and then, the model was verified experimentally. Using the verified model, improvement in cooling performance of the cooling system through the staggered fins was predicted. As a result, 87.5% of total heat generated was dissipated through the cooling fins, and a thermal island was observed in the rotor because of low velocity of the internal air flow through the air gap. In addition, it was confirmed that the staggered fin improves the cooling performance but it also increases the total pressure drop within the cooling system, by maximizing the leading edge effect. Based on this analysis result, the effect of each design parameter on the thermal and flow characteristics was analyzed to select the main optimal design parameters, and multi-objective optimization was performed by considering the cooling performance and the fin weight. In conclusion, the optimized fin structure improved the cooling performance by 7% and reduced the fin weight by 28% without any compromise of the pressure drop.

비상노심냉각계통 주입에 따른 저온관 및 강수관에서 단상 열성층 수치해석 : 부력항 고려 필요성에 관한 연구 Numerical Analysis of Single Phase Thermal Stratification in both Cold Legs and Downcomer by Emergency Core Cooling System Injection : A Study on the Necessity to Consider Buoyancy Force Term

Gong Hee Lee ; Ae Ju Cheong

When emergency core cooling system (ECCS) is operated during loss of coolant accident (LOCA) in a pressurized water reactor (PWR), pressurized thermal shock (PTS) phenomenon can occur as cooling water is injected into a cold leg, mixed with hot primary coolant, and then entrained into a reactor vessel. Insufficient flow mixing may cause temperature stratification and steam condensation. In addition, flow vibration may cause thermal stresses in surrounding structures. This will reduce the life of the reactor vessel. Due to the importance of PTS phenomenon, in this study, calculation was performed for Test 1 among six types of OECD/NEA ROSA tests with ANSYS CFX R.17. Predicted results were then compared to measured data. Additionally, because temperature difference between the hot coolant at the inlet of the cold leg and the cold cooling water at the inlet of the ECCS injection line is 200 K or more, buoyancy force due to density difference might have significant effect on thermal-hydraulic characteristics of flow. Therefore, in this study, the necessity to include buoyancy force term in governing equations for accurate prediction of single phase thermal stratification in both cold legs and downcomer by ECCS injection was numerically studied.

설계단계에서 적정 기계설비 공사비 산정을 위한 BIM 정보표현수준(BIL) 개선안 A Proposal of BIL for Reasonable Cost Estimation of Mechanical Contracts and Construction in Design Phases

Bo Sung Park ; Sean Hay Kim

Building information modeling (BIM) technology based on 3D modeling has been applied to the entire domestic construction industry since 2010. It can calculate quantity take-off considering construction productivity at design phase. Based on this, it is possible to improve the reliability of construction cost prediction of design phase in the process of cost estimation. However, Building Information Level (BIL) defined by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport and Public Procurement Service does not seem to offer doable environment due to the lack of detailed application items. By calculating construction cost that meets Construction Cost Estimate Accuracy by American Association of Cost Engineers (AACE) through quantity take-off and cost estimation based on 3D modeling of BIM technology, a BIL improvement proposal at design phase for Mechanical Contracts and Construction is provided here. Results showed that properties including outline and minimum specification of the main equipment, internal main piping, and internal main duct should be defined from the intermediate design phase to have reliable cost estimation.