Title Spatial Transformation and Recognition on the Territory of Busosan Mountain in the Japanese Colonial Era
Authors 권오영(Kwon, Oh-Young) ; 김영재(Kim, Young-Jae)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.6.75
Page pp.75-86
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Mt. Busosan; Busosanseong Mountain Fortress; Gwanbukri Archaeological Sites; Ancient Capital; Buyeo Grand Shrine
Abstract The Busosan Mountain area is a historic site that is believed to have housed the royal palace of Sabi, the last capital of Baekje Kingdom from 538 until Baekje's fall to Silla in 660, and its attached facilities, as well as the mountains behind it. Based on the results of the long-term excavation, the southern foothills of the Busosan Mountain area continued to be used as an administrative place through the Unified Silla and Joseon Dynasties after the fall of Baekje Kingdom. The most dramatic recognition on the Busosan Mountain area began to appear in the Japanese colonial era. The place was regarded as a sacred site to aggressively push Koreans to assimilate to Japanese culture under the Naeseon Ilche or ‘Korea and Japan are One’ beyond the image of the old Baekje metropolis. It is upgraded as a sacred land for the construction of a Grand Shinto Shrine. Along with such a change of recognition, there were physical changes to the place accompanied by the reconstruction led by the Buyeo Historic Sites Preservation Society (Buyeo Gojeok Bojonhoe) for the renovation of historic sites for tourism. For them, the topographies of some spots (currently Samchungsa Shrine) have been transformed along the southern foot of the Mt. Busosan.