Journal of
the Architectural Institute of Korea

Monthly
  • ISSN : 2733-6239(Print)
  • ISSN : 2733-6247(Online)

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A Study on Spatial Analyses and Way-findingBefore and After the Remodeling of Underground space- With a Focus on the Landmark locationsAfter the Remodeling of a Mixed-Use Commercial Complex, COEX Mall -

백대화(Baek, Dae-Hwa) ; 임리사(Lim, Lisa)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.3

The number of visitors to the COEX Mall decreased after the 2013 remodeling, contrary to the prediction that the number would increase. Following the remodeling, visitors experienced inconvenience in using the mall and had difficulties determining their locations and surroundings. They faced challenges with spatial cognition and way-finding. This study aimed to compare the spatial structure of the mall before and after remodeling and identify factors influencing visitors' spatial cognition. In the methodology section, space syntax theory was employed to analyze axial map. The analysis focused on several key indices, including integration, intelligibility, and intensity. This comprehensive approach provided valuable insights into the spatial structure and its effects on navigation within the studied area. Through axial map analysis, various aspects of the COEX Mall, including total average integration, 10% integration core, intelligibility, and intensity, showed slight improvements after the remodeling. However, further examination of the relationship between the 10% integration core axis and the landmark revealed that the landmarks after the remodeling are not attached to the integration core making it hard to access from other locations, suggesting that the landmark was less effective in its role. This finding underscores the importance of carefully considering the placement and distribution of landmark when planning the remodeling of multi-purposed commercial spaces, as they can have a substantial impact on the overall spatial characteristics and navigability for visitors.

A Comparative Study on Anthony Vidler's Warped Space and Spiral Space- Focusing on Vito Acconci's Murinsel -

이재인(Lee, Jae-In)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.13

This study aims to compare and analyze spiral spaces in contemporary architecture that Vidler treated very importantly in the form of spatial warping with a focus on his Warped Space and the Murinsel in whose architectural design the contemporary artist Vito Acconci participated, thus examining the direction of the 21st-century architecture that Vidler tried to propose through his Warped Space. The findings were summarized as follows: first, Intermediary art, which Vidler argued as another aspect of Warped Space, was a concept to commonly refer to works of art including movies and photographs that could explain or supplement the composition and interpretation of space warp in a metaphysical or physical manner; second, the space of space distortion presented in Vidler's's Warped Space must meet the conditions that the space of the central vanishing point that causes anxiety through gaze dispersion must be limited in addition to the rotating space that completes the three-dimensional perspective; third, analysis results based on the application of Vidler's Warped Space show that Murinsel has lines of movement or spaces that rotate to complete a three-dimensional viewpoint and the characteristics of space configuration to exclude a central vanishing point that causes anxiety; and finally, Osaka University of Arts of Department of Art Science by SANAA was a further advancement from Warped Space not only by fulfilling the conditions of Vidler's Warped Space, but also by showing space configuration to satisfy both spiral lines of movement and spaces unlike other contemporary buildings whose spiral spaces were clearly distinguished from spiral lines of movement.

Analyzing the Application Status and Characteristics of Building Agreement Exceptionsin Housing Improvement Projects

이여경(Lee, Yeo-Kyung) ; 오민정(Oh, Min-Jung) ; 이주경(Lee, Joo-Kyung)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.25

This study examines the application status and characteristics of Building Agreement Exceptions in housing improvement or renewal contracts. The cases can be classified into two types: Housing Improvement Type on Lots with Unfavorable Development Conditions (Type A) and Housing Improvement Type on General Lots (Type B), with Type B being 2.8 times more prevalent than Type A. Notably, the average number of exceptions is twice as high in Type B cases compared to Type A. For Type A, exceptions for the integrated application of building standards are most frequent, especially regarding annexed parking lot applications, accounting for about 70%. In contrast, Type B exhibits a high frequency of exceptions for exclusion from building standards and integrated application. All Type B cases use one or more exceptions for exclusion. In terms of exception types, both Types A and B effectively employ exceptions for the integrated application of an annexed parking lot and the exclusion of standards related to the separation distance from the boundary line in joint-wall buildings.

Investigating Problem Analysis and Solution Strategies in Predicting Housing Price IndexThrough Sequential Application of Transformer and LSTM Models

윤도경(Yoon, Do-Kyung) ; 신동윤(Shin, Dong-Yoon)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.35

This study aims to review previous research on factors affecting the housing price index and construct a prediction model for the index using Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) and Transformer models. Specifically, it combines LSTM, specialized in processing time-series data, and DistilBERT, specialized in handling text data, to utilize both historical housing price index data and relevant news articles. The experimental results of the proposed model confirmed significant accuracy when comparing predicted values in each region (J, S, G) with the actual values. However, some clusters displayed relatively high errors, indicating a need for additional analysis and improvement. Additionally, it was observed that subjective elements could significantly impact the interpretation of clustering results, highlighting the necessity for further analysis. Result visualization and statistical analysis were conducted, confirming their accurate reflection of housing price fluctuation trends in each region. This study introduces a novel approach to predicting the housing price index using deep learning models like LSTM and DistilBERT, providing valuable insights into real estate market trend predictions. The approaches and findings from this research are anticipated to provide valuable starting points for further exploration of creative solutions and the development of effective problem-solving strategies.

Proposing Efficient Modeling Methods for Improving the HBIM Implementation Process

배진철(Bae, Jin-Cheol) ; 양관목(Yang Kwan-mok) ; 전한종(Jun, Han-Jong)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.45

This study aims to enhance the HBIM Implementation process for the preservation and management of cultural heritage. It is based on case analyses of Yongmunsa Daejangjeon in Yecheon and Yeongsanjeon in Gongju, along with surveys targeting industry practitioners. The research identifies issues in the areas of communication during the collaborative phase, drawing inconsistencies in the modeling phase, challenges in absence modeling, data consistency, and IFC conversion problems. Solutions are proposed to address these issues, with the goal of increasing efficiency and accuracy in cultural heritage management. The findings are expected to contribute to the improvement of the HBIM Implementation process for more effective cultural heritage preservation and management.

Empirical Comparative of Domestic and Foreign Tactical Urbanism Cases

박종호(Park, Jong-Ho) ; 양승우(Yang, Seung-Woo)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.53

This study aims to identify the characteristics of Tactical Urbanism in South Korea by selecting 40 domestic cases and 118 international cases. Analytical indicators for Tactical Urbanism cases were derived from previous research. Subsequently, frequency and cross-analysis were conducted on both domestic and international cases to identify and compare their features. International instances of Tactical Urbanism are primarily instigated by private entities, aiming to revitalize local areas and enhance urban environments in unused spaces through temporary green spaces and events. In contrast, domestic cases involve both government and private entities, focusing on creating permanent or temporary green spaces and relaxation areas in unused spaces. A significant difference in the entities responsible for these projects and their sustainability exists between international and domestic Tactical Urbanism. Tactical Urbanism is generally perceived as an initiative by users to address urban issues without official permission. However, both international and domestic cases mostly obtained permits for their projects. Additionally, both international and domestic instances primarily concentrated on implementing projects in unused spaces, creating green areas, and relaxation spaces.

Analyzing the Unauthorized Addition of Courtyard Roof Structures in Ikseon-dong HanoksSince the 2010s and Proposing Hanok Restoration Directions

윤현철(Youn, Hyun-Chul) ; 류성룡(Ryoo, Seong-Lyong)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.65

Examining diachronic changes in the courtyard roof structures (CRS) of Ikseon-dong's hanoks, this study conducts an architectural analysis of the illicit installation of CRS structures that deviate from the original hanok design. The study also proposes future restoration directions. Leveraging data from a complete enumeration survey in Jongno-gu, 84 hanoks in Ikseon-dong, featuring CRS installations around 2004, were categorized. The architectural characteristics and changes in 26 buildings before 2004 and 58 buildings after 2004 were scrutinized through a literature review and field observation. Findings indicate that Ikseon-dong, a residential hanok village since the 1970s, has long featured yard-covering structures. These covert and unauthorized additions remained unnoticed on the surface. However, with the advent of commercial capital in 2014, Ikseon-dong Hanok CRS underwent significant transformations, displaying sizes and scales that overpower the original hanok. These structures lack congruence in construction methods and materials, posing challenges to aesthetics. The major issue lies in their unauthorized nature. Addressing this in the future necessitates the implementation of a merchant-architectural expert matching program tailored to Ikseon-dong's unique context, addressing the challenges posed by illegal CRS.

Exploring a Simulator for Experimenting With Respiratory Infectious Disease ControlTechnology- Focusing on Simulating Emergency Medical Institution Spaces -

김진영(Kim, Jin Young) ; 이상원(Lee, Sang Won) ; 심약기(Shen, Ruoqi) ; 여명은(Yeo, Myung Eun) ; 김성완(Kim, Sungwan) ; 신상도(Shin, Sang Do) ; 여명석(Yeo, Myoungsouk) ; 조항만(Zo, Hangman)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.77

This study delved into the foundational aspects of planning an experimental simulator for respiratory infection control technology. Utilizing this information, a design plan was proposed to replicate the environment of a regional emergency medical center. The challenges presented by infectious diseases, especially in emergency rooms, have prompted the development and testing of various infection control medical technologies. However, legal constraints prevent the demonstration of these technologies in real medical settings. Hence, there's a demand for simulation spaces to conduct experiments like performance verification. The proposed simulator aims to replicate an emergency medical institution for respiratory infection control technology experiments, facilitating testing in the developmental stage before practical application. The design plan, based on a spatial analysis of Seoul National University Hospital's emergency medical center, was outlined. Requests from research teams were gathered, and conflicting requirements were reconciled to form an integrated design plan. Considering the absence of a specific design plan for medical technology experiments in academic contexts, it is anticipated that this comprehensive spatial planning for infectious disease response and related medical experiments will serve as a valuable reference in the future.

A Study on the Trends of Traditional Market in Urban and Architectural Areas inSouth Korea

이다니엘(Lee, Daniel) ; 안대환(An, Dai-Whan)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.89

This study analyzes traditional market research in the urban and architectural fields, examining the current status in Korea. The study reviews 80 traditional market papers from five academic institutes, categorizing and analyzing them based on research topics, subjects, methods, and purposes. Since 2014, research in these sectors has declined, necessitating renewed attention. Despite the recent decrease, steady growth is anticipated in the coming years. While past research focused on the elements and characteristics of urban space, there's an emerging shift toward exploring urban regeneration and revitalization through traditional markets. Recognition of both physical and non-physical aspects is increasing, highlighting the need for comprehensive research methods and perspectives. Notably, there's a growing emphasis on permanent markets, with a decline in research on regular markets, indicating the necessity for more research in this area. This study provides fundamental insights into the evolving landscape of traditional market research in urban and architectural contexts.

A Study on the Legal Types of Urban Cemeteries- Focusing on Approaches to Circumvent the Urban Cemetery Prohibition Provision in theEnforcement Decree of the Act On Funeral Services -

기세호(Kee, Se-Ho) ; 백진(Baek, Jin)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2024.40.1.101

Cemeteries have always been an important urban institution. However, our cities exhibit a dual attitude, on one hand strongly opposing cemeteries, and on the other supporting their establishment. In particular, Article 22, (4) 1. of the Enforcement Decree of the Act On Funeral Services, enacted in 1969, directly prohibited urban cemeteries. Following this, the establishment of urban cemeteries became possible only through approaches that circumvent this prohibition. Accordingly, our current urban cemeteries can be categorized into six types based on approaches that circumvent this provision. This study has analyzed these types based on the nature(direct, indirect) and characteristics(area, use, form, establisher & user) of the related laws. Firstly, national cemeteries are the type with the fewest constraints on establishment, thanks to the provision of the Act On The Establishment And Management Of National Cemeteries, which takes precedence over the Act On Funeral Services. However, owing to their uniqueness, there is a need to expand their relationship with the urban environment. Secondly, general funeral service establishments are permitted in green areas, but due to practical constraints such as resident opposition, their establishment is nearly impossible. Therefore, it is necessary to consider options for regenerating existing facilities to meet the demand. Thirdly, cemetery parks, established under the exception provision of Article 22, (4) 1. (a) of the Enforcement Decree of the Act On Funeral Services. They are regulated by the Act On Urban Parks And Green Areas and are well-known type of urban cemetery. However, they currently cannot fulfill their intended role due to outdated criteria and changed programs of the urban park. Hence, there is a need to consider reclassifying cemetery parks as living-zone parks rather than theme parks, making them more accessible to the citizens. Fourthly, urban woodland burial sites are cemeteries established within development restriction zones and urban natural parks zones with the intention of preserving nature. Despite their various advantages, there are few cases. Therefore, there is a need to connect them to the city through a variety of forest programs. Fifthly, charnel houses installed within religious assembly facilities are cemeteries that can be established as part of religious facilities in accordance with the provision of the Building Act. Although it is the most widely established type, there is a need for formal standards for interior spaces and a reconsideration of unnecessary constraints. Lastly, natural burial grounds for an individual or a family are the type allowed to be established under the exception provision of Article 22 (4) 1. (b) of the Enforcement Decree of the Act On Funeral Services. While they have the advantage of being relatively easy to establish as private spaces, they lack significance as urban institutions. By examining these six types, this study has tried to provide insights for the long-term settlement of our urban cemeteries.