Journal of
the Architectural Institute of Korea

  • ISSN : 2733-6239(Print)
  • ISSN : 2733-6247(Online)

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A Comparative Study on the Artwork Policy for Buildings and Art in Architecture Program

박용수(Park, Yong Soo) ; 박미예(Park, Mi Ye)

This study explores the link between buildings and artworks and the role of architects in South Korea's Artwork Policy for Buildings. To shed light on this connection, this study compares it with the Art in Architecture Program in the United States. The comparison involved analyzing various data, including systems, guidelines, and prior research from both countries. This study examines four aspects: the range of architectural artworks, the planning and installation timeline for buildings and artworks, the process of selecting artworks, and the involvement of architects in the development of architectural artworks. The findings show that in the United States, architecture and artworks are harmonized through a broad range of building-related artworks. This integration comes from open communication during the joint planning and execution of architecture and art projects. Furthermore, architects in the United States play an active role in the selection process by serving on committees that choose artists aligned with the building's concept, rather than focusing solely on the artworks. Architects also participate in planning and installing artworks in buildings. This study concludes that South Korea's policy could benefit from emphasizing the connection between buildings and artworks and increasing architects' involvement, as seen in the United States' approach.

Quantitative Understanding of Visual Information Preference Using EEG

이상현(Lee, Sanghyun) ; 이지환(Lee, Jeehwan)

Visual information preference plays a fundamental role in decision-making, linking it to essential areas of architecture. This research seeks to provide a quantitative understanding of visual preference by integrating logistic regression analysis and brainwave physical data using electroencephalography. The primary objective of this research is to elucidate the neural correlates of visual preference by examining the electroencephalographic (EEG) responses to various visual stimuli. Specifically, this research aims to quantify the differential neural responses associated with the preference for diverse visual content. A series of experiments were conducted to achieve these objectives, in which participants were exposed to a range of visual stimuli while their EEG activity was recorded. The research methods employed advanced signal processing, coding, and surveys to analyze the EEG data, seeking patterns and correlations between brainwave physical data of event-related potentials for visual information preference. This study unveiled that distinct EEG features, including frequency, amplitude, event-related potentials, power spectra, and topographical patterns, are strongly correlated with individual visual preferences. The bivariate correlation analysis indicates that independent variables of the area of positive (P200) to negative (N300) cycles, The intensity or magnitude of the 20-30Hz beta wave spectrum, and the number of positive (P200) cycles are affecting contributors to the dependent variables with a significance level of P < 0.01 and values of .668, .649, and .642, indicating strong positive relationships, respectively. In conclusion, this research contributes to our ability to objectively quantify and interpret visual information preference, harnessing brainwave analysis's power to optimize visual information's impact on architectural preferences.

A Study on Environmental Planning Factors Affecting Public Library Satisfaction from The Perspective of Publicness

신성은(Shin, Sungeun) ; 하미경(Ha, Mikyoung) ; 변기동(Byun, Gidong)

The purpose of this study is to identify environmental planning factors that affect the improvement of public library user satisfaction from a publicity perspective and derive priorities. The PCSI satisfaction model, which is commonly used in public institution customer satisfaction sur veys, was modified and used in the survey, and differences in satisfaction by group according to the socio-demographic characteristics of surv ey respondents were analyzed. In addition, regression analysis was conducted through Stepwise Selection with the average value of overall, el ement, and social satisfaction with the public library as the dependent variable and the publicness factor as the independent variable to derive library environment planning factors by rank. As a result, convenience, accessibility, connectivity, and sustainability were found to have a sig nificant impact on publicness factors that affect public library satisfaction. Seven items were found to be significant in the detailed environme ntal planning elements, and the convenience of the operating system, various convenience facilities, building accessibility, pedestrian path acce ssibility, functional connectivity, visual connectivity, and user participation were found to have a significant impact on public library satisfacti on. . This study is significant in that it derived detailed factors for improving facility satisfaction by ranking in order to examine environmen tal planning factors in terms of space and architectural planning that affect library use satisfaction. Because the sample is limited to users of public libraries in the four autonomous districts of Seoul, it is difficult to generalize the survey results. However, if the environmental planni ng factors derived from this study are considered first when creating a public library environment, it is believed that it will be useful data w hen planning library operation strategies and construction plans.

Remodeling Korean Elementary Schools for Future Education

이채연(Lee, Chae-Yeon) ; 이선영(Rieh, Sun-Young)

As the paradigm of future education shifts toward fostering human resources, discussions on future educational spaces are increasing globally, but changes in these spaces have often resulted in repetitive and predictable outcomes. Given this importance, creating flexible and variable spaces that can accommodate various educational activities, both individual and cooperative, is necessary. To address the rigid spatial structure, this research focused on the flexibility of future educational space features and conducted a POE centered on cases that actively introduced flexible elements, along with an FGI to verify them. The findings indicated the need for flexible spaces of various sizes tailored to different learning types, environments where students can actively engage with flexible elements, systems that enable efficient budget use, identification of idle spaces, and changes in parents' and student teachers' perspectives and attitudes toward school. These changes will help transform traditional school spaces into flexible and adaptable environments.

Evolution and Characteristics of Biomimicry Architecture since the Modern Era

김지원(Kim, Ji-Won) ; 유재우(Yoo, Jae-Woo)

The purpose of this study was to examine the architectural flow of cases and theories of ecological referenial architecture since Modern Architecture in the past and to track the possibility of architectural application by analyzing architectural cases in modern architecture in order to find the possibility of using the concept of Biomimicry as an architectural expression method actively in the recent design field. The three-stage concept and design language proposed by Janine M. Benyus as an ecological imitation stage were reinterpreted as an architectural design language as a research method, and based on this analysis frame, the expression methods and trends applied in modern and contemporary architectural works were traced. The purpose of this study was to provide ethical and new architectural expression methods and development possibilities to the global environment and future humanity in modern architecture by in-depth analysis of the trends of the modern architectural movement that attempted new styles from natural models and later works. The study attempted to suggest the possibility of expanding the expression and application of the concept of Biomimicry in modern architecture in the future.

A Study on the Differences Comparison in Recognition of Activation Elements by Operation Type of Cultural Regeneration Space

이정원(Lee, Jeong-Won) ; 서지은(Seo, Ji-Eun)

This study compares the differences in users' perceptions in order to propose customized strategies for revitalizing the operation of cultural regeneration spaces. The types of operations and activation factors derived from the analysis of previous studies are as follows. First, the activating factors of the 'Space' type were 'accessibility', 'flexibility', and 'identity'. Second, the activating factors of the 'Program' type were 'creativity', 'complexity', 'educationality', and 'business'. Third, in the type of 'Governance', the activating elements of 'cooperation', 'expertise', and 'sharing' appeared. Based on this, a survey was conducted to compare and analyze the difference in perception from the user's point of view. As a result, in order for the operation of cultural regeneration spaces to be revitalized, the importance of 'space' and 'program' among the types of operation was higher than that of the 'governance' type. In addition, in order to revitalize the overall operation of the cultural regeneration space, it was evaluated that it is most advantageous to induce activation by actively considering the elements of 'accessibility' and 'identity' of the 'space' type and the 'business' of the 'program' type. If we look at it by type of operation, First, in order to induce revitalization centered on 'space', it is necessary to further strengthen the 'identity' of 'space', the 'complexity' of 'program', and the 'professionalism' of 'governance'. Second, in order to induce operational activation centered on 'programs', it is advantageous to strengthen the 'accessibility' of 'space', the 'creativity' of 'programs', and the 'cooperation' of 'governance'. Third, in order to induce operational revitalization centered on 'governance', it is necessary to strengthen the 'flexibility' of 'space', the 'creativity' of 'programs', and the 'professionalism' of 'governance'. Based on these results, it will be possible to derive a differentiated direction for each cultural regeneration space in consideration of local goals and residents' perceptions. In addition, it is expected to serve as a basis for a revitalization plan that can be approached step by step with priority in the operating environment of the limited cultural regeneration space.

Assessing Fire Safety in Electric Vehicle Charging Zones of Apartment Building

홍지완(Hong, Ji-Wan)

In recent years, basement parking facilities have become increasingly common. This study assesses the incidence of electric vehicle (EV) fires in underground parking structures at residential complexes. It compares findings across different locations, evaluates current fire safety measures, and analyzes response protocols, aiming to propose strategies for enhancing fire safety in EV charging zones. As of 2022, South Korea's EV population stood at 347,395 units, with annual growth. Although EV fires occurred at a lower rate of 1.2 per 10,000 units compared to 1.8 for internal combustion engine vehicles, incidents are rising, reaching 91 in 2022. The increase in EV fires is largely due to vulnerabilities in underground parking lots, such as inadequate charging infrastructure, firefighting equipment, and differing firefighting methods. To address these issues, the National Fire Agency has drafted EV Charging Area Safety Guidelines. These recommend installing EV charging areas near ramps and incorporating firewalls, sprinklers, water-blocking panels, drainage facilities, and surveillance systems to enhance fire safety. However, these guidelines mainly target new constructions, emphasizing above-ground setups and lacking legal enforcement and practical effectiveness. With the mandated installation ratio of EV chargers expected to rise to 10% of total parking spaces in new buildings by 2025, there is a growing need for charger installations in existing residential complexes, necessitating improved fire safety measures. These measures include enhancing charging speed, installing firewalls to prevent fire spread, securing space for storing firefighting water and foam, introducing ventilation systems to reduce off-gassing, and ensuring accessible paths for firefighters and fire vehicle towing in underground parking lots. Additionally, with the increasing weight of EVs due to larger battery capacities, structural safety upgrades and reinforcements in existing parking facilities are necessary.

Analyzing Metaverse Virtual Spaces Through Information Exchange at Chungbuk National University

이다니엘(Lee, Daniel) ; 권영우(Kwon, Youngwoo) ; 안대환(An, Dai-Whan)

This study aims to establish spatial area types in the Metaverse for effective information exchange and to define these concepts specifically for planning virtual spaces. The focus is on Chungbuk National University’s case, where spaces were created for information exchange in both real and virtual environments. This research classifies types of information exchange into three categories: private, official, and selective. These were then analyzed and mapped to four virtual space areas to facilitate smooth exchanges. The Metaverse virtual space concept was examined through Chungbuk National University's example, leading to a planning framework for Metaverse virtual spaces. To establish these spaces, areas 2, 3, and 4, where both direct and indirect information exchange occurs, must be developed, starting from area 1, which connects reality to the virtual space. Area 4 is designated for indirect official information exchange, area 3 for all types of direct and indirect exchanges, area 2 for direct personal exchanges, and area 1 for connecting to real space. This study aims to aid in planning Metaverse virtual spaces that efficiently support information exchange and enhance real-world interactions.

A Systematic Literature Review on Sensing Architecture Integrating Physiological Signals and AI

조주은(Cho, Ju-Eun) ; 홍이연(Hong, Yi-Yeon) ; 전한종(Jun, Han-Jong)

The research explores how physiological signals and AI can be integrated into architecture to create sensing architecture. The research aims to explore the potential for creating more responsive and user-centric architectural environments by utilizing physiological signals such as EEG (Electroencephalography), EDA (Electrodermal Activity), ECG (Electrocardiography), EMG (Electromyography), and Eye-Tracking, alongside advanced AI technologies. This paper conducts a systematic literature review following PRISMA guidelines to analyze thirty-five scientific articles, aiming to explore current and future applications of AI and physiological signals in architectural design and user interaction. By combining AI and physiological signals, architects will be able to create buildings that adapt to and reflect users' emotional states and needs. Additionally, this integration is seen as a crucial factor in achieving sustainable and personalized architectural solutions, representing a significant shift towards environments that prioritize environmental sustainability. The expected impact of these technological advances indicates a shift in architectural design practices towards creating spaces that engage with and adapt to its users, leading to a new frontier in emotional architecture.

Analyzing Physical Status of Gosiwon in Seoul for Improvement Directions

양지원(Yang, Ji-Won) ; 유해연(Yoo, Hae-Yeon)

According to the Enforcement Decree of the Special Act on Safety Management of Multi-Use Businesses, a Korean Gosiwon is defined as an establishment that provides accommodation or accommodation with study facilities in separate rooms. With the rising number of single-person households in Seoul, Gosiwons are becoming a popular housing option. This study aims to propose policy and physical countermeasures by categorizing and analyzing major violations in Gosiwons. A field survey was conducted in Yeongdeungpo-gu, one of Seoul's 25 districts, over four months from November 2022 to March 2023. The survey analyzed land lots, standing areas, and building registers. The findings revealed that violations mainly involved architectural and structural issues, unauthorized changes in usage, and insufficient safety facilities. The study began by analyzing the definition, system, and background of Gosiwons. Areas with a high frequency of violations in Seoul were then identified. Among the older buildings with numerous violations, specific districts or dongs were selected and analyzed by type. Based on these findings, policy improvements were proposed to prevent the proliferation of buildings in violation of regulations.