Journal of
the Architectural Institute of Korea

Monthly
  • ISSN : 2733-6239(Print)
  • ISSN : 2733-6247(Online)

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A Study on the Designing Elements and the Form Shaping Methods of BIG’s Diverse Housing Projects

정구헌(Chung, Ku Hun)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.3

The purpose of this study was to analyze the method for the diversification of BIG’s housing projects, focused on the designing elements and the form shaping methods. Previous studies related to the housing design mainly dealt with laws and policies or researched on the types and the characteristics of plan analysis and unit layouts. Therefore, this study analyzed and categorized BIG's housing projects so that they can be used as way to create various designs in the design process by understanding the relationship between the design elements of the housing and the form shaping methods. After analyzing BIG’s projects, it is clear the relationship between the design elements and the form shaping methods can lead the direction of the development of diverse urban housing design. Also, it could develop further for having the diversification of architectural design, and it can make the city scape more variety and dynamic.

A Study on the Classification of University Campus by Spatial Structure

이수현(Lee, Soohyun) ; 변기동(Byun, Gidong) ; 하미경(Ha, Mikyoung)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.11

Due to a sharp drop in the school-age population, universities are facing the need for changes to secure competitiveness. The overall evaluation of universities is highly correlated with the satisfaction of campus facilities. Therefore, when each university seeks spatial change, it shall formulate an appropriate plan in consideration of the improvement of students' satisfaction. Based on the current spatial structure of the campus, the study examines the characteristics of each type by dividing major universities into four classifications. First, the ‘Grid campus’had sufficient support facilities, but lacked a subordinate facilities. Second, the ‘Radial-Disperse campus’was mainly located in the provinces. They were relatively lacking in basic facilities compared to other groups, but had sufficient subordinate facilities. Third, the ‘Dispersed core Campus’ consists of a number of small public universities. They have a looped or central road circulation, and buildings take an circular or decentralized layout. ‘Dispersed core Campus’ functionally value academic facilities and are characterized by creating open spaces in the center of the campus. Fourth, the ‘Concentrated core Campus’ includes a number of large public universities. They have circulation form of a central road or a looped road and buildings are arranged in a distributed or circular layout. Also, the center of the campus tends to be open-space. It is hoped that the morphological and functional characteristics derived from this study will help understanding the campus spatial and will be used as basic data for campus planning and detailed research in the future.

Standards of Living Space in Elderly Care Facilities Response to Infectious Diseases

이현진(Lee, Hyunjin) ; 권순정(Kwon, Soonjung) ; 강지은(Kang, Jeeeun)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.19

Since the 2020 coronavirus pandemic, many elderly people have been infected in elderly care facilities, so there is a very high demand for preventing the spread of infectious diseases in elderly care facilities. In this study, as one of the measures to suppress mass cross-infection in the elderly care facility, it was attempted to derive appropriate area standards for the residents' living space. The study targets the living units of nursing homes for the elderly with 30 or more people, and the study was conducted through domestic and international standards review, infectious disease management guidelines, facility visits, and interviews with related staffs working in elderly care facilities. As a result of the study, it was found that the optimized size of the living unit is 16 people or less, and it is necessary to install an isolation room for each living unit and a special bedroom for each nursing unit. The floor area of the bedroom is 35.4㎡ (8.9㎡/person) for a 4-bed room, 27.7㎡ (9.2㎡/person) for a 3-bed room, 22.2㎡ (11.1㎡/person) for a 2-bed room, and 13.0㎡ for a single bedroom. The common living room is used by all members of the living unit in normal, but when infectious diseases are spread, it is necessary to secure at least 2.3㎡/person on the premise that half of the elderly people in a unit uses this living area simultaneously in consideration of social distancing and density. These area standards were calculated in consideration of the elderly life, provision of nursing care services, and infection control, and can be used to improve the building standards of elderly care facilities.

Comparative Study on the Usage Status of the Center Square in the Chungbuk National University Campus Before and After the Coronavirus Epidemic

김주영(Kim, Ju-Yoong) ; 안대환(An, Dai-Whan)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.31

The square of Chungbuk National University is a centered public space where various activities of users are held. Since the Corona19 epidemic, the user’s behavior of campus space has changed due to the quarantine policy. Through a comparison of behaviors before and after the Corona19, we are going to confirm the role of the square, the core external space, and expand the concept of the square. The user's behavior before and after the Corona19 in 2019 and 2020 was analyzed targeting the square between the new library and the student's union building newly established in 2017. Three weeks before and after the exam week, three times on weekdays, taking pictures of user behavior. Through this, we tried to understand the usage and the method of using the square. After the corona19, the interior space could not be used properly. Also, the usage of the Square as an external space has decreased. However, it could be seen that the square was used in various ways and the importance of the square was increased. The importance of its role as a public external space should be emphasized, and it should be a space that can contain various behaviors.

An Analysis Study on the Experiences of Korean Elderly Using Third Places

최연희(Choi, Yeon-Hee) ; 서현보(Seo, Hyun-Bo)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.41

This study aims to understand the meaning of the third place from the understanding of the Korean elderly's life through the analysis of the Korean elderly's experience of using the third place. The term "third place" is based on the concept Oldenburg suggested, but to focus on places that are closely related to daily life, this paper will define a third place as "an unofficial space that one would go voluntarily, regularly, or routinely." A total of 24 participants were selected to survey the experience of using a third place. The survey participants used in the research were 60+ years old, unemployed, and people who had third places they frequent to. The conclusion of the research is as follows. First, The paper has confirmed the elderly's desire for a third place that could be used regularly as well as the fact that a third place is an indispensable part of the elderly's lives. Second, The research has confirmed that places including parks, green spaces, and sports facilities are functioning as third places for the elderly and that third places are also formed at places such as stores or streets. It was also shown that many elderly people avoid using facilities specifically for seniors. Thus, existing third places must be recognized to support, supplement, and utilize their maintenance in addition to establishing welfare institutions and facilities.

The Direction of Pre-planned Research on the School Space Innovation Project Following the Introduction of the High School Credit System

유해연(Yoo, Hae-Yeon) ; 박성철(Park, Sung-Chul) ; 임종헌(Lim, Jong-Heon) ; 한다빈(Han, Da-Bin) ; 정지원(Jeong, Ji-Won)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.53

This study aims to analyze the direction of the Ministry of Education's high school credit system implementation project and the plan of the Gangwon Provincial Office of Education's school space innovation project and propose the direction of future pre-planned research. To this end, we analyzed the pre-planning research case of the housing space innovation project for the renovation of the main building of Pyeongchang High School, and revealed the differentiation and implications from the existing pre-planning research. Prior to the study, literature research and policy analysis such as related business reports were preceded, and participatory workshops and expert advice for process and program development were conducted. First of all, this study looked at the need for changes in school space due to the introduction of the high school credit system and related policies. Second, this study was examined the current status and limitations of pre-planning research, and thirdly, we proposed the improvement direction of pre-planning research through program and process development, expert advice, and user-participated design workshops centered on Pyeongchang High School. This study suggests that the process was divided into more detailed stages, including curriculum analysis at the level of the education office and the level of the school, until the space program (proposal) consistent with Pyeongchang High School was derived.

A Study on the Derivation of Planning Directions of Kindergarten through Analysis of Results of Design Competition Review

이정원(Lee, Jung-Won)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.65

In this study, we conducted an analysis of the evaluation results of the kindergarten design competition where the evaluation results were disclosed. Through this, it was possible to identify the elements and directions of the kindergarten scheme that juries consider important in kindergarten design. The areas that are important in evaluation are siteplan and plan. In siteplan, land use planning, pedestrian and vehicle planning and exterior space planning are important. In plan, plan configuration and zoning plan, common area and movement plan, and specific requirements for individual rooms are important. As a result of the study, the direction of each item's planning was presented. The findings could be used as a reference for designers as a guideline for kindergarten planning. It could also be used as a design guideline for kindergarten design competitions to guide the right direction of planning.

A Study on the Facility Location Selection for Emergency Shelter

이진경(Lee, Jin-Kyoung) ; 김상훈(Kim, Sang-Hoon) ; 박수현(Park, Soo-Hyun) ; 김영욱(Kim, Young-Ook)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.73

The purpose of the research is to provide shelter-in-place selection criteria and method for allocating emergency shelters by analyzing catchment area and accessibility of vacant spaces. The study focuses on shelters and vacant spaces within a region which is designated as a urban regeneration. The method of research includes literature review, catchment area analysis using Space Syntax, and accessibility analysis. The selection process and method is composed of the following procedure to decide suitable emergency shelters in a region: firstly, examine a candidate shelter’s catchment area in the region. Secondly, if the shelter’s catchment area is smaller than the region, additionally examine a catchment area of vacant spaces. Then, find the best accessible vacant space and select it as another shelter. Finally, verify the selected vacant spaces and the shelter support better accessibility to entire region by catchment area analysis. Shelter within the area should be in the catchment area within 5 minutes and should be selected in consideration of human behavior characteristics, cognition, and accessibility.

A Study on the Important Factors for Revitalizing Profit-Type Community Facilities of Urban Renewal New Deal Project

김윤소(Kim, Yun-So) ; 유재우(Yoo, Jae-Woo)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.83

This study is to derive important factors for setting the direction of vitalization of profit-type community facilities created by the Urban Regeneration New Deal project. Accordingly, we analyzed vital factors for activation targeting experts and operators in the field of urban regeneration and analyzed ‘satisfaction-importance’, an important activation factor perceived by operators who are currently operating facilities. First, 70 factors were classified by reviewing previous studies and conducting FGI targeting experts. In order to finally derive the most appropriate important factor among the selected 70 factors, a preliminary survey was conducted with 30 experts and rearranged into 33 factors. Second, the importance and priority of vital factors were analyzed using the fixed constant sum method for 25 experts and 25 operation relation person. derive 10 detailed critical factors that we recognised to be of common importance between the two groups. As a result of the detailed results, ① sufficient review and agreement on the implementation of facilities before construction are required. ② The active participation of members must be guaranteed. ③ In order to have an organizational system in which the operating organization can stand on its own feet, expertise must be secured, and specialized educational support will be needed to support it. ④ For the sustainability of the operating organization, it is necessary to establish a long-term profit structure model and secure fixed funds. ⑤ Considering the aging of the region and the difficulty of fostering professional manpower immediately, it was found that private professional capabilities should be actively utilized. Third, important factors for activation and looked at what should be improved first using IPA. First of all, four important factors that require intensive improvement include the expertise of members, the establishment of a sustainable profit model, securing fixed funds, and the active use of private professional capabilities. As such, It is expected that the efficiency of the project will be further improved If the focus factors are improved first, therefore empirical analysis of more profit-type community facilities and additional research on vital factors for each stage of operation are necessary.

Analysis of the Importance of Design Elements by Crime Prevention Environmental Design Application Strategy

강경하(Kang, Kyung-Ha) ; 소승영(So, Seung Young) ; 손병훈(Son, Byeung-Hun)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.93

In this study, as part of a method to figure out how to use the detailed design elements to which the six application strategies of the CPTED basic principles are applied, The importance test of the application strategy and the importance of detailed design elements for each application strategy were conducted through the AHP questionnaire targeting professors, public officials, and architectural practitioners. As a result, the 'Usability increase' strategy came out with the highest weight. In the detailed design elements, the reinforcement of monitoring is the removal of blind spots, the access control is the security center, the reinforcement of territoriality is the public design, the reinforcement of the clarity is the arrangement plan to make it easier to recognize objects, the improvement of the usability is the reinforcement of the neighborhood community, and the maintenance is the improvement of the residential environment was recognized as important.