Journal of
the Architectural Institute of Korea

Monthly
  • ISSN : 2733-6239(Print)
  • ISSN : 2733-6247(Online)

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A Study on the Technical Transformation of Jeju Residential Ctesiphon

이용규(Yi, Yong-Kyu) ; 최호석(Choi, Ho-Suk) ; 오성훈(Oh, Sung-Hoon)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.3

The main purposes of this study are to grasp the reality of the 'double cladding Ctesiphon' through the survey of the 'double cladding Ctesiphon' built as a pioneer farmhouse in the St. Isidore Ranch in the 1970s and the interview with the director of the St. Isidore Ranch Park Yong-geun who participated in the construction at the time and to investigate the process of transforming Jeju residential Ctesiphons through a comparative survey of 1960s residential Ctesiphons located in Donggwang-ri. As such, it can be seen that the physical characteristics of the 'double cladding Ctesiphon' were sought to improve the previous Jeju residential Ctesiphon by improving the performance of the sheath. In addition, it was also possible to estimate the limit of the 'double cladding Ctesiphon' through the extension. Through the interview survey, 'double cladding Ctesiphon' was devised by Father Mcglinchey and was able to reveal the specific construction process with the hollow layer by brick. In addition, it was found that even after the supply of a single cladding Ctesiphon in the early 1960s, technology improvement was continuously sought based on its own technical skills in the St. Isidore Ranch to improve the habitability of leaks, condensation, and insulation. The testimony that the double cladding structure including outer and inner cladding was planned and constructed in two stages by the St. Isidore ranch and the residents can also be evaluated in terms of acceptance of diversity. This study may be meaningful in that it revealed the existence of the 'double cladding Ctesiphon' for the first time and examined the transformation process after the distribution of Ctesiphon

The Role and Direction of Healthcare Facility Design in Infection Control and Prevention

임리사(Lim, Lisa) ; 김다은(Kim, Daeun) ; 김영우(Kim, Youngwoo)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.11

Healthcare-associated infections result in unnecessary illness, death, and costs, impacting a significant number of patients, families, and healthcare professionals. While healthcare facility design can serve as an intervention to prevent and control healthcare-associated infections, its role is not fully evaluated and its implementation is limited in practice. This study illustrates the role of healthcare facility design in infection control and prevention and discusses the need for systematic design guidelines for various types of healthcare facilities and even beyond healthcare settings. Physical environments of the healthcare facility can be reservoirs of pathogens, transmitting the pathogens to visitors and healthcare professionals. This issue indicates that carefully considered design of healthcare facilities can support reducing healthcare-associated infections. There are cases that report significant improvement in terms of infection control and prevention by implementing effective design strategies. This study summarizes these strategies, whose implementations are limited due to the lack of systematic design guidelines that synthesize effective design strategies for infection control and prevention tailored to healthcare systems in South Korea. Thus, for future studies to translate evidence into design of applicable strategies, developing and validating systematic design guidelines for active implementation of design strategies for safer healthcare facilities is needed.

A Study on Architectural Strategy of Urban Regeneration Project

백한열(Baek, Han Yeol) ; 이희재(Lee, Hee Jae)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.21

The site of Majang-dong livestock products market and Cheonggyecheon streamside in Seongdong-gu is a representative urban regeneration area in Seoul. Despite the industrial and economic importance of the livestock products market in the city, inadequate environmental factors such as harmful sanitation and stench cause problematic social conflicts in coexistence between the local community and the industrial facility. Especially deteriorated space of the market is perceived as a major disincentive for residents of surrounding residential areas. Thus, there is a social justification to identify the architectural strategy and contents of the development plan for the target site and to suggest improvement measures in terms of urban regeneration. With the aim of preparing the architectural strategy for the targeted urban regeneration area, the study conducted an advanced research analysis, literature review as a theoretical consideration and advanced case study regarding Holzmarkt in Berlin. Based on the theoretical background, the possibility of Majang-dong could be developed into a sustainable urban regeneration area while maintaining the local industry as local cultural contents. In particular, the results of the study were presented as a planning proposal with the architectural strategy centered on basic planning direction by local residents, implemented phases with three-dimensional diagram, and individual projects of architecture.

Current Pedagogy and Teaching Methods of Architectural Materials in Professional Architectural Degree Programs

윤정원(Yoon, Jungwon)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.29

The purpose of this study was to review the current status of pedagogical objects, contents and teaching methods for the course of architectural materials conducted in 5-year professional architectural degree programs in Korea in conjunction with the comparative analysis of required criteria for architectural materials as the student performance criteria between Korea and USA. To discuss on pedagogy and teaching methods of architectural/building material courses, this research presents the analysis framework with four factors ? curriculum, achievement, faculty and student, as well as criteria for comparative analysis of curriculum objectives and contents. From the holistic qualitative and quantitative analysis of the student performance criteria (SPC) by the accrediting boards, and architectural/building material courses provided by universities and programs, we aim to propose measures to improve the education methods of materials, in order to stimulate the desirable technological knowledge and skills in technology as well as applicability and creativity for architectural design.

A Study on Critical Restoration of Architectural Heritage

김태형(Kim, Tae-Hyung) ; 김영재(Kim, Young-Jae)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.41

Critical restoration is a developed theory after World War II when restoration desperately needed in the field of architecture. Renato Bonelli insists on restoration that puts aesthetic values on top to find and reconstruct the true form of the building. On the one hand, the critical restoration is in the same way as the restoration that is currently being implemented in Korea. Therefore, this research suggests the direction of our preservation culture through analyzing the development process and case of critical restoration. This thesis first describes the implications of critical restoration by tracking the development of critical restoration. Second, it examines the methodological application in Korea through the model and the spirit of critical restoration.

A Study on the Effect of ‘Weak Ties’ on Non-place Spatial Composition

박소람(Park, Soram) ; 김영기(Kim, Young-Ki)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.51

The purpose of this study was to present a new direction for the place theory of contemporary cities. This study analyses the effect of 'Weak Ties' on ‘Non-place’. To this end, this study focusing on the franchise cafe, which was considered as a typical ‘Non-place’, since it is changing into a new place according to the changes in today's human social network; which characterizes as 'Weak Ties'. Then verifies the effectiveness of the existing ‘Non-place’ discourse. The results of this study were as follows. The ‘Non-Place as Weak Ties’ is a new place in today’s city that selectively contains numerous connections centered on individuals.

A Study on the Concept and Characteristics of Heritage Impact Assessments for Cultural World Heritage Properties

김충호(Kim, Chung Ho) ; 이경아(Lee, Kyung-Ah) ; 김동민(Kim, Dong Min)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.61

This study aims to identify the concept and characteristics of Heritage Impact Assessments (HIA) in order to introduce and implement HIA in Korea. For this, the 2011 ICOMOS guidance on HIA and case reports were analyzed through the methods of document analysis and case study. As a result, the study reached the following five conclusions: First, HIA is an assessment system based on Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), using specific assessment items and methods drawn from each property and its proposed development. Second, HIA team as transparent and independent assessment agent has the authority to plan, conduct, and take the responsibility for HIA. Third, HIA assessment methods are derived and developed through consultation with relevant stakeholders. Fourth, HIA procedure consists two main stages such as scoping stage creating the scoping report and undertaking stage producing the HIA report. Fifth, mitigative measures and recommendations are proposed in order to avoid, reduce, and mitigate negative impacts of potential developments on OUV of properties. Finally, the study is expected to promote academic understanding and vibrant discussions for domestic introduction and smooth implementation of HIA.

A Study on the Correlation between Regional Characteristics and Economic Impact of Gentrification

김창호(Kim, Chang-Ho) ; 김환용(Kim, Hwan-Yong) ; 서동연(Seo, Dong-Yeon)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.73

This research seeks to understand the cause of the Gentrification and to analyze the effect which the Gentrification causes to the region. Through the analysis, the research aims to identify the regional and environmental characteristics that can be found commonly in places where Gentrification occur; the research will then examine the economic and social effect step-by-step. The multiple regression analysis was conducted to understand the cause of Gentrification and to analyze the effect which Gentrification causes to the region. The result of the causation analysis between regional characteristics and Gentrification shows that Floating Population, Working Population, Movie Theater, Department Store, Bank, Hospital, Subway Station, and Parking Lot have a significant and positive effect, and living population has a negative effect. Additionally, the result of the causation analysis between Gentrification and economic impact shows that Total Store, Open Store, Closure Store, Total Worker, and Official Land Price have a significant and positive effect.

A Study on the Classification of Theft using K-modes Clustering

권나연(Kwon, Na-Yeon) ; 권은서(Kwon, Eunseo) ; 정성원(Jung, Sungwon)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.81

Data mining is receiving attention as a way to derive useful knowledge and patterns from crime data. Among the data mining techniques, clustering is utilized in the criminal field mainly to analyze hot spots or occurrence patterns. However, most research is concluded at the clustering stage and thus there is a lack of works that examine the relationship between the derived cluster and the surrounding environment. As precedent research has shown that the factors in the occurrence of crimes are not only attributed to individual characteristics but also reflect the environmental characteristics of an area, there is a need for research that goes further than simply deriving clusters to analyze the relationships between clusters and other environmental factors. Of these environmental factors, land usage is a basic tool and a result of urban planning. Therefore, clarifying the relationship between land usage and crime could provide basic data for crime prevention through the improvement and management of urban spaces from an urban planning perspective. This research uses k-modes clustering to categorize incidences of theft and then analyzes the derived space and time distribution pattern of crime types by land usage utilizing a geographic information system (GIS). Dongjak-gu, which has a relatively low safety level among the areas of Seoul, was selected as the location for analysis, and data on thefts from 2004 to 2015 were used. Repeating the analysis 1,000 times on each k value from the k-modes clustering showed that there were four types of theft cluster in Dongjak-gu. In order to analyze the correlation between each cluster and land usage, a regression analysis was conducted on the land usage variables in Dongjak-gu and the clustering data. The results showed that thefts that occurred in Dongjak-gu could be categorized into four types. Cluster1 contained miscellaneous thefts that mainly occurred in commercial facilities at night and targeted males, and it had the most significant relationship with commercial land. Cluster2 consisted of housebreaking thefts that mainly occurred in the morning and targeted women, and it had the most significant relationship with type 2 general residential areas. Cluster3 contained street thefts, mainly related to automobiles in the early morning and targeting men, and it had the most significant relationship with commercial land. Cluster4 was made up of miscellaneous thefts in the afternoon mainly targeting men and it was the only cluster to have a significant relationship with school and gas station land. These results can be used to contribute to strengthening crime prevention measures to sufficiently respond to various types of theft, and as theoretical grounds to determine areas vulnerable to crime and set protection spaces in the urban planning and design stages.

Study on the Regional Characteristics and Concentration Factors of Vacant Houses Distribution

이소영(Lee, So-Yeong) ; 주희선(Joo, Hee-Sun)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.8.91

In Korea, vacant houses are occurring in old and poor residential areas, and problems are observed in rural areas, local and medium-sized cities, and parts of large cities. The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors concentrated in terms of the structural and physical environment of Jin-ju Old Town and to reveal the differences in characteristics that make vacant houses concentrated locally. As a result of analysis through the Relogit model, the factors influencing the concentration of vacant houses in Cheonjeon-dong are retrofit defect, small size parcel, year of building, structure of building, and occurrence timing. In Seongbuk-dong, factors such as negative type field, retrofit defect, year of building, occurrence timing, and ratio of the elderly population influenced the vacant houses concentration. Among them, the probability of concentration increases by 2.9 times in the case of retrofit defect, and the probability of concentration increases by 2.3 times in the case of vacant houses built before 1970. In addition, the occurrecne timing of vacant houses in Seongbuk-dong has a significant influence on the concentration of vacant houses, but it is ½ times lower than that of Cheonjeon-dong.