Journal of
the Architectural Institute of Korea

Monthly
  • ISSN : 2733-6239(Print)
  • ISSN : 2733-6247(Online)

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Effects of Socially Integrative Planning Characteristics on Community Revitalization and Housing Satisfaction in Gyeonggido Type Community Housing

신유진(Shin, Yoo-Jin) ; 이연숙(Lee, Yeun-Sook)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.3

The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of the social integration plan of Gyeonggido type happy house, which is a community House for the child care families in a housing welfare policy executed by Gyeonggido, and measure the activation of the community through the housing satisfaction(POE) survey to reveal the association between each variable. The survey was conducted with 133 interviewees in vulnerable housing classes (Newly wed and child care families) in Suwon Gwanggyo (204 households), which is a Gyeonggido type Happy House complex that is a public rental community residential program of Gyeonggido. The survey was conducted in July 2019 and followed by an analysis of the data. The results of this study are as follows: First, the more satisfied with the community program, the higher level of social capital activation for the community house. Second, the higher satisfaction with the exterior design of the community house, the more satisfied with the local residents and tenants. Third, the better safety and order are maintained within the community housing complex, the higher residential satisfaction level. Forth, the more interaction between neighbors in the residential complex of community housing, the higher the level of housing satisfaction.

A Study on the Establishment of Underground Nuclear Shelter and Required Capabilities

김국주(Kim, Kukjoo) ; 이상규(Lee, Sangkyu) ; 박영준(Park, Youngjun)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.15

This study examined the need for a transition of South Korea's nuclear defense strategy through a review of Sweden's nuclear protection strategies. Then, the required operational capabilities of the Korean underground nuclear shelters were derived through the Delphi technique based on decision-making theory. A group of 21 experts on military and civil protection facilities had been selected for Delphi analysis. As a result, the following required capabilities were derived: ① Shelters shall be installed within 250 meters of the evacuation time based on five-minute; ② At least 14 days of evacuation period are required at a depth of more than 15 meters (7 meters of rock); ③ The ventilation system with NBC filter and blast proof facilities are essential for the survival of evacuees; ④ Three-liters of drinking water per person, diesel emergency generators, radio, telephone, fire-fighting equipment were derived.

A Study On the Density Factors of Single-person Households in Jinju City

김경원(Kim, Gyeong-Won) ; 주희선(Joo, Hee-Sun)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.23

The number of single-person households in Korea continues to increase, and supply measures are needed to meet the demand of single-person households in terms of urban planning. The purpose of this study is to analyze density factors based on analysis of dense areas of single-person households. First, LISA analysis using population data was conducted in 2020 to analyze the dense areas of single-person households in Jinju. Subsequently, a multi-regression analysis was conducted by separating household characteristics and infrastructure to identify the factors of density of single-person households. According to the analysis, the factors affecting the density of young single-person households were houses with less than 40㎡, sports facilities, retail stores, and hospitals. houses with less than 40㎡, sports facilities, and retail stores have a positive correlation and hospitals have a negative correlation. The factors affecting the density of elder single-person households were houses with less than 40㎡, Houses built more than 30 years olds, sports facilities, retail stores, and hospitals. houses with less than 40㎡, Houses built more than 30 years olds, and hospitals have a positive correlation and sports facilities, retail stores have a negative correlation Single-person households have different density factors by age, different policies for single-person households should be presented for each age, not one policy.

A Study on the Plan Type and Characteristics of Old-Aged Housing in ‘Anchang’ Occurred Unplanned-Villages in Busan

유재우(Yoo, Jae-Woo) ; 장경이(Jang, Kyung-Yi)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.31

In recent years, there has been a growing social interest in providing affordable housing for low-income young people and single-family households. It may be necessary to conduct a basic on-site research to respond to this demand. The purpose of this study is to organize data that reflects characteristics in future plans based on the field of living of low-income residents, while providing basic data for low-income housing plans that can respond to new living needs. The target was for 29 older households over 30 years in the slope village. The study first, the current housing characteristics and housing conditions and the site were recorded in drawings, and secondly, the average residential level was derived through the characteristics of the low-income aging housing plan and the area-specific composition characteristics of public and private spaces. Third, by analyzing the flat planned characteristics that have been formed in villages naturally formed on slopes, the type was derived from a typical residential type and change type, expressed in a time series. Fourth, it derives the characteristics of the variable characteristics and minimum housing type, such as housing expansion.

Analysis of Integrated Trends of EEG Experimental Research on Architecture·Space Design

김상희(Kim, Sang-Hee) ; 추승연(Choo, Seung-Yeon)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.41

This study aims to provide implications, which can help in seeking research topics and establishing research methodologies in future, by analyzing integrated trends of previous studies that have produced results through EEG experiments in the area of architecture·space design. For this study, a systematic review was performed, and based on specific analysis items selected in accordance with PICOS(Participant, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome, Settings), frequency analysis and comparative analysis between items were conducted targeting 49 papers published in an academic journal. The following implications were obtained from the analysis results. First, there is a need to secure homogeneity of experiment participants and reliability of EEG data. Second, it is required to expand research topics that can guarantee practical implication and effectiveness. Third, for enhancing reliability and validity of EEG study results, it is needed to establish standard criteria of EEG research methodologies, including EEG measurement indicators and EEG analysis methods, which suit the purpose of measuring EEG response. Fourth, for obtaining valid research results, a complementary study should be conducted by making the best use of other physiological response measurement experiments and quantitative studies on physiological and psychological conditions, which cannot be understood only from EEG response. Lastly, in relation to experiment environment and design, there is a need to establish an EEG experiment protocol that is appropriate for architecture·space design, since individual researches have different experiment times and procedures, and there is an absence of standardized protocols.

A Study of the Regional Natural Disaster Risk Assessment through the Review of Disaster Vulnerable Factors in North Korea

김금지(Kim, Keum-Ji)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.53

The purpose of this study was to help making disaster prevention policy in North Korea. North Korea has remained for decades without maintenance, repair and replacement of infrastructure. As a results, many buildings and facilities like roads, rails, bridges are old and structurally weak. These factors seriously damage North Korea’s lives and properties in the event of a natural disaster. And also, due to the limitation of data collections, North Korea researchers hasve not been actively conducted. This study overcame the limitations of North Korea researches, such as the problem of data collections, and made it possible to produce highly accurate results. In this study, there are three steps for assessing natural disaster risk in North Korea. First, 13 indicators were selected by reviewing the indicators used in the previous studies and determining whether data could be constructed for each subregions. Second, The weight for 13 indicators was calculated using the entropy method. This method excludes the subjective judgement of the researcher and improves the accuracy of the research by evaluating the importance using only data. Third, the risk index for 188 regions between 0 and 1 was calculated. Spatial analysis of the hazardous area was performed by assigning a risk rating between 1 and 5 using the natural breaks classification method. As a result of this study, 74 Intensive Disaster Management Region in the eastern and western coastal areas and Pyongyang were selected.

An Analysis of Nationwide Commercial Gentrification Factors in Korea

박근송(Piao, Gen Song) ; 이태규(Lee, Tae Gyu) ; 김정우(Kim, Jung Woo) ; 박지은(Park, Jee Eun)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.63

This study investigates the areas where commercial gentrification occurred across the country. Dividing the area into metropolitan and non-metropolitan regions, this study analyzes the factors of gentrification in each area through logistic regression analysis. As a result, the ‘floor-area of newly opened restaurants difference' and the 'Ratio of Class 1 neighborhood living facilities’ were found to have a high correlation with whether or not gentrification occurred in the metropolitan area. In the case of the non-metropolitan area, the 'number of restaurants in operation difference’ and the 'average basement floor' indicators were found to have a high correlation with whether or not gentrification occurred. The significance of this study is that the gentrification cases and factors were selected on a nationwide scale using nationwide data, not in a limited area. By analyzing the metropolitan area and the non-metropolitan area, the difference between the factors of gentrification occurring in the two regions was revealed. Taking into account these results, we expect to develop a gentrification occurrence prediction model that suits for domestic gentrification in subsequent research.

A Study on the Architectural Publicness of the Urban Community Center

전제병(Jeon, Je-Byung) ; 안웅희(Ahn, Woong-Hee)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.75

This study is about the architectural publicness of community centers located in urban areas. The community center is a lower administrative body of local governments and is the smallest unit of public offices in charge of administrative affairs within the city. Statistics show that currently 35,000 community centers have been set up across the country to perform the public functions of each region. To summarize the views in this study on the architectural public nature of community centers: The community center can be said to be a public building with a public character in all aspects of its functions and programs, urban contexts and cultural aspects, as well as its internal and external spaces. Therefore, the target of the community center is divided into external space, internal space and user space to discuss the architectural public nature of each of them. It is meaningful that they have looked into the public nature that appears at community centers and revealed the elements of the building space that are revealed through the actual space.

A Study on “Rootedness” and “Wing” of RCR Arquitectes’ Architectural Thought

이정윤(Lee, Jeong-Yun) ; 이동언(Lee, Dong-Eon)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.83

The purpose of the paper is to recover the meaning of contemporary architecture through Heidegger's thoughts for “Be” and “Being”. The paper suggests a way to theorize philosophy of architecture. It is to look at the intersection of Heidegger's thought and RCR Archquitects’ from an ontological perspective. “Be” and “Being” can be considered as identity and possibility of the world and contiguity of the earth, respectively. From the architectural thought of the RCR Arquitectes we can explore this identity, possibility and contiguity. They want their architecture to have “Rootedness” and “Wing” at the same time. “Rootedness” is possible by perception of “Be”, and “Wing” is the transformation of “Being” into a form itself. In these processes, another thought for Heidegger can be theorized through “Rest” and “Motion”. This kind of architectural exploration of Heidegger's fundamental ontology can be an answer for the loss of meaning in architecture in contemporary life.

Urban Form of Settlement for Displaced Refugees in Miari, 1957

신나리(Shin, Na-lee)

https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.93

Miari settlement for displaced refugees was planned by ‘Refugee assimilation and Resettlement Project’ for relief and self-support of the refugees caused by Korean War. In 1957, about 1,000 families moved to mountainside located on the outskirts of Seoul. The land was provided by Seoul city for free and the refugees built their own houses. The Miari refugees were pioneers on the wilderness on the outskirts who stood on their own feet by creating a small communities, building houses, domestically producing goods, and self-governing. When the construction of Miari refugee settlement was completed and gradually settled down, new migrants such as those who came to Seoul from the countryside and those who sought cheap rooms settled around. And the area was transformed into a residential area for the common people. As the Miari settlement has become a good example, other outskirts of Seoul area such as Bongcheon-dong, Sinlim-dong, Sanggye-dong, Geoyeo-dong, and Sinwol-dong, developed as resettlement areas for demolition workers, flood victims, and refugees, which has become a new development method of the growing city.