Title A Study of Thoughts Related to the Formation of French Follies in the 18th Century
Authors 김란수(Kim, Ran-Soo)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.7.81
Page pp.81-88
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords learned associations; iconography; Enlightenment; Rousseauism; Freemasonry; exoticism; archeology; utopia
Abstract This paper tried to examine various thoughts related to the formation of French follies in the 18th century. The background in which various kinds of follies were built was related to the learned associations established by Locke, iconography based on ancient Greek and Roman mythologies, French Enlightenment, Rousseauism, Freemasonry, exoticism, and archaeological excavations. After the introduction, chapter two defined the term for the folly, and then tabulated representative folly gardens with major follies there, relating them to the various thoughts described above. Chapter three introduced theories for each thought and examined the cases of follies related to them. In conclusion, the characteristics of follies built in connection with these various thoughts are varied, but nevertheless they had an idea in common. French folly Gardens in the 18th century showed a fantastically alternative world, a kind of utopia beyond the real world, and follies may be interpreted as a sign of a new situation, into which people tried to change the reality with various thoughts.