Title A Study on the Characteristic and Ideological Background of ‘16 Grundsatze des Stadtebaus’ in GDR
Authors 오석규(Oh, Seok-Kyu) ; 최진희(Choi, Jin-Hee)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.9.33
Page pp.33-40
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Socialism; Marxism-Leninism; Socialistic Realism; 16 Grundsatze des Stadtabaus
Abstract On After World War II, 16 Grundsatze des Stadtabaus was instituted in East Germany in 1950, influenced by socialist realism based on the Soviet Marxist-Leninist ideology. 16 Grundsatze des Stadtabaus had the greatest influence on architecture and urban planning in East Germany until it became German. 16 Grundsatze des Stadtabaus consist of a total of 16 Principles, and the main content is the definition of cities, city centers, and residences in the socialist ideology, and the rules for the role of the square, transportation, and residential environment. New planned cities according to 16 Grundsatze des Stadtabaus were constructed, and buildings in the form of socialist classicism were built. In particular, Plattenbau was supplied to the people as an industrial collective housing form expressing socialist ideology. 16 Grundsatze des Stadtabaus was successful as a method of faithfully expressing the socialist ideology, but as a result, it created the limits of urban growth and the inhuman living environment.