Title Reinterpretation on the Flying Eaves of Oksa in Samguksagi
Authors 허유진(Huh, Yoojin) ; 전봉희(Jeon, BongHee)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.9.63
Page pp.63-70
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Samguksagi; Oksa; flying eave; flying rafter; corner rafter
Abstract In East Asian timber structure, the roof types are major factor in expressing the hierarchy of buildings. China has long held the perception that the ‘hip roof’ is the highest while the ‘gable roof’ is the lowest. Just as the ancient Chinese building code from Tang and Song Dynasty mainly recorded the ‘hip and gabled roof’ for regulating hierarchy, the hypothesis that Silla's Oksa(屋舍) in the 9th century may have contained a regulation on the roof type brings an opportunity to newly illuminate the ‘flying eave(飛簷)’, which has long been interpreted as the ‘flying rafter’ in Korean architectural history. On the Chinese dictionaries written in the 18th century, the term ‘flying eave’ indicated Chun-Hyeo in Korean. Chun-Hyeo, the old word for Chu-nyeo, seems to be used for the ‘corner eave’, not the ‘corner rafter’. Therefore the ‘flying eave’ means the ‘corner eave’ just as the same as the wide meaning of Chu-nyeo in the contemporary Korean language. When we can apply this retroactively to the 9th century, the prohibition of the ‘flying eave’ in the Silla’s building code becomes the regulation of the roof type to maintain the hierarchy for all residential buildings, allowing the ‘hip roof’ and ‘hip-and-gable roof only for the highest rank such as Seong-gol(聖骨).