Title A Study on the Establishment of Underground Nuclear Shelter and Required Capabilities
Authors 김국주(Kim, Kukjoo) ; 이상규(Lee, Sangkyu) ; 박영준(Park, Youngjun)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.15
Page pp.15-22
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Underground Nuclear Shelter; Required Capabilities; Delphi Technique
Abstract This study examined the need for a transition of South Korea's nuclear defense strategy through a review of Sweden's nuclear protection strategies. Then, the required operational capabilities of the Korean underground nuclear shelters were derived through the Delphi technique based on decision-making theory. A group of 21 experts on military and civil protection facilities had been selected for Delphi analysis. As a result, the following required capabilities were derived: ① Shelters shall be installed within 250 meters of the evacuation time based on five-minute; ② At least 14 days of evacuation period are required at a depth of more than 15 meters (7 meters of rock); ③ The ventilation system with NBC filter and blast proof facilities are essential for the survival of evacuees; ④ Three-liters of drinking water per person, diesel emergency generators, radio, telephone, fire-fighting equipment were derived.