Title Urban Form of Settlement for Displaced Refugees in Miari, 1957
Authors 신나리(Shin, Na-lee)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.10.93
Page pp.93-103
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Miari project; Assimilation and Resettlement Project; Aided self-help house; Seoul outskirt; Resettlement for displaced people; refugee house; earth brick
Abstract Miari settlement for displaced refugees was planned by ‘Refugee assimilation and Resettlement Project’ for relief and self-support of the refugees caused by Korean War. In 1957, about 1,000 families moved to mountainside located on the outskirts of Seoul. The land was provided by Seoul city for free and the refugees built their own houses. The Miari refugees were pioneers on the wilderness on the outskirts who stood on their own feet by creating a small communities, building houses, domestically producing goods, and self-governing. When the construction of Miari refugee settlement was completed and gradually settled down, new migrants such as those who came to Seoul from the countryside and those who sought cheap rooms settled around. And the area was transformed into a residential area for the common people. As the Miari settlement has become a good example, other outskirts of Seoul area such as Bongcheon-dong, Sinlim-dong, Sanggye-dong, Geoyeo-dong, and Sinwol-dong, developed as resettlement areas for demolition workers, flood victims, and refugees, which has become a new development method of the growing city.