Title The Planning Characteristics of Junction space between Houses and Streets Applied to Multi-family Housing in Korea
Authors 김현주(Kim, Hyun-Ju)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.1.13
Page pp.13-24
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Multi-family Housing; Low-rise Residential Area; Jointing Space between Houses and Streets; Intermediate Space
Abstract Street spaces in low-rise residential areas are places where various lifestyle activities of residents occur. So it is very important how the buildings and street relate to each other. It focused on the possibility of multi-family housing as an urban alternative housing, and tried to examine the relationship with the street. Therefore, in this study, I analyze and derive characteristics of the planning elements of street junction space between houses and street applied to multi-family housing, which were published in architectural magazines for the past five years. First, in the aspect of street space, it was analyzed how the characteristics of parcels in contact with the streets were defined. The various planning elements of the transition space between the street and the entrance, and the openness of the separation space from adjacent site connected to the pilotis accommodates the logic focused on legal regulations and commercial values. It can be explained as an attempt considering communication with streets and surrounding area. The planning that most accommodates the character of street is the facility program on the first floor. Commercial facilities and community facilities were planned for the active ‘collection road’ and ‘local road’ in the neighborhood residential area, and rental offices or alpha rooms were planned for ‘residential alley’ with private atmosphere. The more public the street was, the more clearly the entrance to the upper residential area was separated from the commercial space in terms of location, shape and space. Second, in the aspect of architectural exterior, the shape and spatial composition of the building connected to the street were examined. The architect used the legal constraints and the design logic to pursue the maximum volume. Nevertheless, from the perspective of pedestrians, it was possible to plan the lower floors with an open atmosphere differentiated from the surroundings. And by using the slope shape and different finishing materials, the upper part corresponding to the urban landscape was created. The spaces and gaps created by the difference in volume and shape of the lower and upper floors were also used as an intermediary space for communication between residents and neighbors.