Title A Study on the Discourse and Concept of National Housing in the 1940s and 1950s
Authors 신운경(Shin, Woon-Kyung)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.1.47
Page pp.47-58
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Nation; National Housing; Conceptual History; Discourse; Concept; Housing Competition; 1940s and 1950s
Abstract This study examined the developmental aspects and conceptual changes of the discourse of national housing, which was not covered in the previous studies, based on the conceptual historical understanding of the ‘nation’ in the 1940s and 1950s. This is meaningful in that it expanded the scope of awareness of housing research in Korea and attempted a historical and fundamental approach to national housing. The discourse of national housing during the Japanese colonial period in the 1940s began to be formed as part of the wartime mobilization system, and through modern devices, the public recognized themselves as subjects of Japanese Empire and voluntarily conformed to new housing norms. After liberation, Korean society required a housing model reflecting new life that corresponds to the new national system, and it was converted into a national housing with a demonstration character which was realized as it was actually built during the US military period. In the 1950s, the national housing in the Rhee Syngman Government was diluted the discourse of "universal housing" in the past and it was understood as a mixed meaning of the fragmented concepts reflecting the special times. The concept of national housing began as a concept of realistic and practical housing norms for the subjects of Japanese Empire in the 1940s. After liberation, it was changed to the concept of a universal new living housing model with an ideal character that conforms to the new national system. During the Rhee Syngman Government in the 1950s, the concept of national housing changed into a multi-layered type of housing that revealed chaotic times of ideological conflicts between the left and right, national reconstruction, and economic revival before and after the Korean War.