Title The Influence of Railway Formation and Development on Land Spatial Structure in Northeast China(1898-1945)
Authors 노경민(Lho, Kyung-Min)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.1.95
Page pp.95-106
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Chinese Eastern Railway Southern Line; Northeast China; Railway Transportation System; Colonial Transportation Geography; Rimmer Model; Spatial Structure
Abstract This study examines the expansion of the railway transportation system according to the formation and changes of the operating organization of Chinese Eastern Railway Southern Line, the influence of railway on the spatial structure of Northeast China by comparing the features with the Colonial Transportation Geography Model. The railway center was moved to Harbin, Dalian, Fengtian according to the changes of the operating organization, and the stronghold became the center for performing railway policies and urban planning in Northeast China. Railway zones were established along the railway, similar to foreign concessions. Political, economic, and transportation centers were reorganized around the railway hub center, which led to the concentration of urban development among other cities. As a result of comparing the Rimmer model(1977) and Northeast China, the commonality are the followings; the existing transportation system were formed around the coastal, along the river, and land road built by empire before colonization. In the early stage of colonization, the modern transportation system was built by connecting the port to the inland city by railway. In the advanced stage of colonization, the administration centers were transferred by the intention of the colonial authorities. The difference are the followings; first, the permanent western base was the port city in the Rimmer model, but in Northeast China there were two permanent bases: one inland city and one port city, Harbin and Dalian. Secondly, in the model the permanent base becomes the new capital, however in Northeast China, the inland city along the railway became the new capital due to political and geographical reasons. Finally, in the model, the importance of the existing ceremonial city inclines through in the colonial process, while in Northeast China, ceremonial cities develop by transforming into a new functional city, such as an industrial city.