Title A Study on the Effects of CPTED on Social Interaction among Students
Authors 김원필(Kim, Won-Pill)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.2.77
Page pp.77-84
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords CPTED; social interaction; dormitory; spatial environment; college facilities
Abstract Crime prevention through environmental design has been major issues in educational institution among public facilities. It is clear that securing students’ safety and prevention from the victimization of vulnerable students is important to attain educational goals and to provide diverse extra-curriculum activities for students. Further, campus dormitory is a focal area for students to experience social interaction between many students from diverse cultural background, thus leading personal growth and increasing the degree of satisfaction with college life. The purpose of this study intended to examine the effects of CPTED elements on the facilitation of students’ social interaction through the survey of students living in dormitory. Review of literature illuminated that defensible space, natural surveillance, social control, and criminal justice were important measures to deter any possible crime. A chi-square analysis found that social interaction and CPTED were statistically significant on personal characteristics. Correlation analysis and ANOVA confirmed that the degree of CPTED influenced on the level of social interaction among students living in dormitory; As the satisfaction with CPTED increases, the degree of social interaction rises at positive linear direction. Further the study reported that role of CCTV is a prime element for the facilitation of social interaction. An IPA also demonstrated that securing safety in night walking around dormitory environment and role of CCTV were the most urgent improvement items needed. Finally the study suggests that more careful design details and guidelines in design stage be explored in relation with major theoretical findings, even though research limitation exists from limited survey samples and target population.