Title Diagnosis of Perception of the Composition of Unit Space in Apartment Houses and Demand for Space Improvement
Authors 김상호(Kim, Sang-Ho) ; 이화영(Lee, Hwa-Young)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.5.3
Page pp.3-12
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Apartment Housing; Residential Space; Uses for Residential Space; Residential Satisfaction
Abstract This research was conducted to identify problems and improvement measures that the current residential space has by diagnosing the perception and demand for Korean dwellers. For this purpose, a questionnaire survey was conducted on 850 residents of apartment in korea aged 20 to 70. The survey consisted of the questionnaire category; household status, location, space usage behavior, preferred housing type, etc. Based on the data out of the survey, statistical analysis are conducted to find out significant pattern of respondents’ percepion and satisfaction. First, it was found that there is a correlation between the time the respondents stay in and the perception of the most important space in residential. The longer the repondents stayed in the house, the more they chose the kitchen?dining room and living room. Secondly, satisfaction degree of residential and the influencing factors were investigated. Even though the overall satisfaction was 3.44 points in average, there was a difference in satisfaction by region. In particular, the score was lower in metropolitan areas such as Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Busan compared to Sejong City where new housing was actively supplied, which is indicating that the location the respondets live had an effect on housing satisfaction. Next, we looked at the demand for housing scale expansion. The gap between the current and desired residentaial size was the highest on 20s single-person households, which suggests that it is necessary to check that sufficient residential space is provided to young single-family households with relatively low economic efficiency. The survey also includes the spatial composition preference of the residential, showing that most prefered residentaial is the type the space is divided into 3 part; the living room, bedroom, and kitchen/dining(51.5%). Although there is a typical preferred spatial composition type across all respondents, the preferences are diverse even in the same age group and family composition. Accordingly it is necessary to reconsider the way of constructing apartment that are currently uniformly supplied by typical type. Considering the current situation of COVID-19 and the rapid change in the residential paradigm, this study was meaningful in deriving implications based on the perception survey related to residential spaces in Korea.