Title An EEG Experiment Research for Preparing Personal Shelter Design Criteria
Authors 송복섭(Shong, Bokshub)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.5.13
Page pp.13-20
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords EEG; Virtual Reality; Minimum space; Optimal space; Disaster shelter
Abstract Based on the premise of a disaster shelter or personal healing space, an EEG experiment was conducted to derive planning elements and guidelines for constructing the optimal space even in the physical condition of the minimum space. Through the experiment divided into four trials, the following interpretation could be derived. First, it was confirmed that in the process of entering the experiment space from the outside, the beta wave, which means tension and concentration, increases and the alpha wave that expresses the state of relaxation and rest decreases in order to actively explore the space. Second, it was found that the case of installing a window that allows you to check the interior at the entrance door reduces stress and has more positive factors for exploring the space than the case where it is not. Third, it was confirmed that placing a window on a wall in a narrow space to face nature reduces stress and acts as a positive factor for space exploration than otherwise. Fourth, it was found that the case where the rounded corners are finished acts as a positive factor of spatial perception in all areas except stress than the case where the corners are processed with an angle map. Therefore, in order to organize the optimal space of the smallest size, it is necessary to operate the design method as a guideline, such as install a window at the entrance door, plan a window to observe nature on the inner wall, and rounding the corners.