Title A Study of Place-Forming Public Art
Authors 박미예(Park, Mi Ye)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.5.21
Page pp.21-32
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Public Art; Relationship to Site; Place-specific; Place-forming; Categories of Experiencing Place
Abstract The relationship between a work of public art and place can be understood in various ways, ranging from simply setting a place as a background to a decisive one in which a work cannot be established without the place. If the context of a place is important to public art, the distinction between ‘site’ and ‘place’ is meaningful. Place-forming public art attempts to understand a place from simply viewing it as a physical and external ‘site’ to an existential ‘place.’ Place is formed by projecting subjective experiences into anonymous space and acquiring meaning based on bodily perception. In the similar way, place-specific public art can be a method of opening the meaning of anonymous space and delivering it to the body. Public art, which forms place in relation to contexts, can be seen in three categories. First, in the spatial category public art is perceived from various viewpoints in the relationship with the existing urban fabrics. Place-forming can be discussed depending on the distance between the work and the body. Secondly, public art undergoes a change in meaning due to changes in the physical state of the work over time. In addition, the meaning is sometimes newly created as the community related to the work changes. If the body's participation plays an important role in public art, the meaning of the work changes depending on the body's behavior, and place has diversity and coincidence.