|A Primary Study on the Concept of Fence in the Joseon Dynasty
|이은정(Lee, Eun-Jung) ; 유우상(Yoo, Uoo-Sang)
| Traditional Wall; Fence; Joseon Dynasty; Movable Partitions and Screens; Boundary Element
|This study examined the names, usage patterns, and types of fence(Ultari) in the Joseon Dynasty. The results of this study are as follows.
First, it was confirmed that in the Joseon Dynasty, fences were generally recorded as 籬, but in Yeonggeonuigwe, they were recorded as 圍
排. Second, during the Joseon Dynasty, fences were common facilities in both private houses and state-run buildings such as palaces, and
shrines. However, many of them were destroyed in the 1930s as the housing improvement prevailed and is now a rare facility. Third, the
usage patterns of fences differed between private houses and government buildings. In private houses, fences were mainly installed along the
boundary of the property separating the inside and outside of the house. In state-run architecture, it was used for dividing areas and blocking
the sight between areas in the building site. Fourth, in state-run buildings, fences were mainly installed for temporary use, but sometimes
built as regular facilities as well. Fifth, various forms of fences could be identified according to the material and the construction method.
The study can be significant because it dealt with in depth the historical and structural aspects centering on the fences that were commonly
used in the traditional spaces of the Joseon Dynasty, but are now lost and cannot be found.