Title A Study on the Classification of University Campus by Spatial Structure
Authors 이수현(Lee, Soohyun) ; 변기동(Byun, Gidong) ; 하미경(Ha, Mikyoung)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.11
Page pp.11-18
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords University Campus; Classification; Spatial Structure
Abstract Due to a sharp drop in the school-age population, universities are facing the need for changes to secure competitiveness. The overall evaluation of universities is highly correlated with the satisfaction of campus facilities. Therefore, when each university seeks spatial change, it shall formulate an appropriate plan in consideration of the improvement of students' satisfaction. Based on the current spatial structure of the campus, the study examines the characteristics of each type by dividing major universities into four classifications. First, the ‘Grid campus’had sufficient support facilities, but lacked a subordinate facilities. Second, the ‘Radial-Disperse campus’was mainly located in the provinces. They were relatively lacking in basic facilities compared to other groups, but had sufficient subordinate facilities. Third, the ‘Dispersed core Campus’ consists of a number of small public universities. They have a looped or central road circulation, and buildings take an circular or decentralized layout. ‘Dispersed core Campus’ functionally value academic facilities and are characterized by creating open spaces in the center of the campus. Fourth, the ‘Concentrated core Campus’ includes a number of large public universities. They have circulation form of a central road or a looped road and buildings are arranged in a distributed or circular layout. Also, the center of the campus tends to be open-space. It is hoped that the morphological and functional characteristics derived from this study will help understanding the campus spatial and will be used as basic data for campus planning and detailed research in the future.