Title A Study on the Facility Location Selection for Emergency Shelter
Authors 이진경(Lee, Jin-Kyoung) ; 김상훈(Kim, Sang-Hoon) ; 박수현(Park, Soo-Hyun) ; 김영욱(Kim, Young-Ook)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.8.73
Page pp.73-81
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Shelter in place; vacant space; accessibility; catchment area; GIS; Space syntax
Abstract The purpose of the research is to provide shelter-in-place selection criteria and method for allocating emergency shelters by analyzing catchment area and accessibility of vacant spaces. The study focuses on shelters and vacant spaces within a region which is designated as a urban regeneration. The method of research includes literature review, catchment area analysis using Space Syntax, and accessibility analysis. The selection process and method is composed of the following procedure to decide suitable emergency shelters in a region: firstly, examine a candidate shelter’s catchment area in the region. Secondly, if the shelter’s catchment area is smaller than the region, additionally examine a catchment area of vacant spaces. Then, find the best accessible vacant space and select it as another shelter. Finally, verify the selected vacant spaces and the shelter support better accessibility to entire region by catchment area analysis. Shelter within the area should be in the catchment area within 5 minutes and should be selected in consideration of human behavior characteristics, cognition, and accessibility.