Title Changes in the Livestock Quarantine System in the Modern Era and the Architectural Characteristics of Quarantine Stations
Authors 홍지완(Hong, Ji-Wan) ; 유재우(Yoo, Jae-Woo)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.10.75
Page pp.75-86
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Japanese Colonial Period; Busan Cattle Quarantine Station; Open Port; Modernization; Meat-eating promotion; Modern Medicine
Abstract This study examines the introduction process of the 'Busan Livestock Quarantine Station', a livestock quarantine station established for the export of shipyards during the Japanese occupation, and the changes in the quarantine system according to the use of vaccines. From these results, the characteristics of the livestock quarantine system during the Japanese colonial period are considered. Japan's modern livestock quarantine system is a measure to systematically and safely import and distribute Korean cattle from livestock infectious diseases represented by cattle quarantine. The first stage of the double quarantine system was introduced, the second stage of the production and use of immunized serum to form a immunity to the cattle. It was the result of the establishment of the stage quarantine line. Therefore, the livestock quarantine system applied to Korea during the Japanese occupation was not the introduction of the modern livestock quarantine system, but rather the introduction of a safe deprivation system based on the prevention of the spread of cattle in Japan and mass production of cattle vaccines. This system was used to move a large number of shipyards to Japan through the double quarantine system, the formation of an immune zone, and the establishment of quarantine ships. The Busan Export Quarantine Station was an important institution that supported the modern Japanese livestock quarantine system.