|Derivation of a Priority Space to be Apply Universal Design for Public Rental Housing
| Universal Design; Public Rental Housing; Priority Application Space; Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP)
|The purpose of this study was to derive a priority space to be apply universal design to public rental housing. To this end, 6-sites of
4-types that are still being supplied were selected. The space of the target site was classified into outdoor space, communication & welfare
building, public space in apartment building, and unit, and each detailed spaces that constitutes them, and then surveyed experts, manager,
and residents. An analysis result of the Analytic Hierarchy Process, It was found that the 3-outdoor public space in the site was more
important than the unit. In outdoor space, entrance of site, sidewalk & roadway & square in site, and around the mall showed high
importance. In communication & welfare building, exclusive domain was found to be more important than public domain. In public space of
apartment building, experts and managers showed high importance of corridors on each floor, cross domain of corridor and porch on unit,
and stairway for evacuation, but residents showed high importance in entry domain & public domain of ground level of apartment building,
E/V halls on each floor, and stairway for evacuation. In unit, experts showed the highest importance in living rooms and rooms, managers
on the porch and balcony, and residents in the kitchen. In addition, residents showed high importance for most of the space in the unit.
These results are presumed to be due to the minimum construction standards, lack of flexibility in space, the structure of the narrow unit,
subdivided space composition, and the area of the public space smaller than the number of households from limited public resources.
Accordingly, it is suggested that the space and facilities for the community need to accessibility, convenience, and flexibility, and that the
units need to expand their width and increase their supply area.