Title A Study on the Appropriate Spatial Composition and Area Plan of a Modular Screening Clinic to Respond to Infectious Diseases
Authors 김은영(Kim, Eun-Young) ; 백정훈(Baek, Cheong-Hoon) ; 박금성(Park, Keum-Sung)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2021.37.12.161
Page pp.161-168
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Infectious disease; Screening clinic station; Modular architecture; Space plan
Abstract According to statistics from the Korea Disease Control & Prevention Agency (2020), as a result of analysis of the occurrence of first-class infectious diseases from 2001 to 2020, the onset cycle of new infectious diseases is gradually shortening. The COVID-19 pandemic started just one month after the first confirmed case in Korea. The supply of facilities that can accommodate patients is not keeping up with demand. The purpose of this study is to present the appropriate spatial composition and area plan of the modular screening clinic by analyzing the spatial plan of the screening clinic and the current use of the screening clinic in the currently operating public health centers and hospitals. Research methods are reviewed through analysis of existing facilities through literature review, field interviews, and drawing surveys. The conclusion of the study is as follows. First, The essential space units are the support space and the treatment space. The support space is the medical staff room, the front room, the waste disposal room, and the locker room, and the treatment room is the reception area, the front room, the treatment room, and the sample collection room. Essential facilities should be planned so that they can perform the functions of a screening clinic with a minimum number of units. Second, the additional space unit performs the additional functions of a support space and a treatment space, and a waiting space is required if necessary. The support space is a warehouse facility, a rest room for medical staff, and a toilet, and the treatment space is a face-to-face treatment room and X-ray examination room. The waiting space is also installed outside or planned to allow natural ventilation. Third, considering the modularization of the unit, it is based on a 3,000mm×9,000mm module. The required requirement unit is 27㎡ and the recommended requirement unit is 27㎡.