Title A Study on the Formation and Change of Fuji Farm Community through Local Archiving
Authors 정재욱(Jeong, Jae-Uk) ; 박성신(Pak, Sungsine)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.2.3
Page pp.3-14
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Fuji Farm Community; Standard House; Japanese Styled House; Archiving; Local Regeneration; Urban Regeneration; Gunsan
Abstract In the undergoing urban regeneration projects, local archiving is an essential process for local regeneration and a basic method to complement academic research and field survey. Local archiving is carried out through the following process: [Step 1] Basic Survey and Community Networking → [Step 2] Field Survey → [Step 3] Verification & Investigation → [Step 4] Utilization of Archiving Data. First, local archiving makes possible to access the integrated result. Second, local archiving with the common memories of the local community, could enhance understanding of the local history and culture, establish a local identity and to solidify the awareness of local assets. Third, it contributes to the local community by sharing the archiving results with the local community and using them for the urban regeneration projects. Recently, in the course of urban regeneration project, archiving was conducted for Gaewon and Michang villages located in Gunsan to examine the formation and change of Fuji Farm Community. Agricultural immigration of the Fuji Farm Community was carried out in order to construct a new Japanese ideal village. Through reclamation in the 1920s, a group of Japaneses from various districts migrated into the area generated in the Fuji Farm. Gaewon and Michang village consisted of 30 households in that period. After liberation, the empty houses and lands were sold to Koreans, and the residents were mainly engaged in agriculture. With the industrial complex in the 1980s, the village developed as a residential area for industrial complex. However, since the 2000s, the village declined and residents left due to the environmental pollution occurred from the industrial complex. At the beginning of the village, the standard houses were built in units of 10 buildings. The standard house, within a mixture of Japanese and Korean housing styles, consisted of tatami-room, ondol-room, kitchen, toilet and storage arranged in parallel. Spatial changes have occurred continuously due to the increase of population, transition to Korean life style and pursuit of living convenience.