Title Trends in Revising and Enacting Codes and Standards to Boost Off-Site Construction in Developed Countries
Authors 이진미(Lee, Jin-Mi)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.3.3
Page pp.3-12
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Off-Site Construction; Modular; Construction Standard; BPS 7014; ICC 1200; ICC 1205; Methods of Construction (MMC); Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DfMA)
Abstract A concerted effort has been made to improve safety, assurance, and compatibility of off-site construction in developed countries; in recent years, these countries heavily invested in establishing a holistic legal foundation to support and promote this industry. In Korea, the off-site construction sector is underdeveloped and has lagged behind its competitors, creating industry gaps in the legal support system when it should be providing support for this sector. This study aims to deliver preliminary research material to guide off-site construction in Korea by reviewing and analyzing recent trends in revising existing codes and standards and enacting new ones in developed countries such as Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom and Australia. The purpose of this study is to establish a need for further research, then compare and analyze BPS 7014 in the UK, ICC 1200 and ICC 1205 in the United States in terms of content structures, hierarchies, and concurrences of texts. Through comparative analysis, the structural similarities and content differences of the two standards were confirmed, and different attitudes in response to the changes of the construction industry were discovered. However, both standards have a strong tendency to guide and support the OSC industry with flexibility as an open standard rather than regulating with absolute standards. Building on these findings, the implications and follow-up of this study was discussed.