Title Wayfinding Design Factors in Underground Parking Facilities Within Large-scale Apartment Complexes
Authors 박진수(Park, Jin-Su) ; 황희준(Whang, Hee-Joon)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.3.25
Page pp.25-35
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Wayfinding; Design Factor; Underground Parking Lot; Apartment Complex; Virtual Reality
Abstract To better accommodate densely populated areas in Korea, the housing type has gradually developed into high-rise apartment complexes. With the high concentration of households and vehicles, it is common for large-scale parking lots to be built underground. However, navigating through the underground levels has caused a psychological burden for drivers. This study aims to identify the design factors affecting a driver’s wayfinding in underground parking facilities of large scale apartment complexes in Korea and to highlight positive aspects derived from virtual reality experiments. The environmental factors for wayfinding were theoretically considered and the experimental variables were set up through literature review and advanced research analysis. There were six design elements applied during a driver’s wayfinding test implemented in virtual reality spaces of 12 variation simulation models. Another experiment was conducted in eight different virtual reality spaces to confirm the correlation between three design factors related to the wall, floor level and the main road. The results of these experiments indicated that the load-bearing wall structure, application of the main road, and the floor without level changes were advantageous design factors for a driver’s wayfinding in large-scale underground parking facilities. The findings from this study can potentially be utilized as a practical design guideline for underground parking lots within apartment complexes.