Title Disaster Preparedness Plans for Medical Institutions in Korea, the United States and Japan
Authors 김영애(Kim, Young-Aee) ; 이상림(Lee, Sang-Rim)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.3.59
Page pp.59-70
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Medical Institution; Disaster; Preparedness; Risk Assessment; Hazard Vulnerability Assessment; Business Continuity Plan; National Infrastructure Protection Plan
Abstract When disaster strikes, medical institutions play a vital role in protecting the health and life of patients. Prior to a catastrophe, it is necessary to establish a disaster mitigation activity plan to effectively respond during an onset and to quickly secure business continuity to prevent irreversible damage. This study aims to provide direction in the event of a disaster pertaining to risk assessments and business continuity plans by comparing the current tools and guidelines of medical institutions in the United States, Japan, and Korea. Among the hazard vulnerability assessments conducted by medical institutions in the United States, the Hazard Risk Assessment Instrument, Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis by Kaizer Permanente, and the Pennsylvania Public Health Risk Assessment Tool were examined. The medical Business Continuity Plan in Japan, and the National Infrastructure Protection Plan in Korea were also analyzed. The results of this research indicated that according to the Disaster and Safety Act, the preparedness plan should include medical institutions, not just emergency medical services. It is essential for risk vulnerability assessments and business continuity plans to seek varying tactics and approaches. Additionally, major risks and key management risks should be prepared in advance and assessed through data accumulation.