|Disaster Preparedness Plans for Medical Institutions in Korea, the United States and Japan
|김영애(Kim, Young-Aee) ; 이상림(Lee, Sang-Rim)
| Medical Institution; Disaster; Preparedness; Risk Assessment; Hazard Vulnerability Assessment; Business Continuity Plan; National Infrastructure Protection Plan
|When disaster strikes, medical institutions play a vital role in protecting the health and life of patients. Prior to a catastrophe, it is necessary
to establish a disaster mitigation activity plan to effectively respond during an onset and to quickly secure business continuity to prevent
irreversible damage. This study aims to provide direction in the event of a disaster pertaining to risk assessments and business continuity
plans by comparing the current tools and guidelines of medical institutions in the United States, Japan, and Korea. Among the hazard
vulnerability assessments conducted by medical institutions in the United States, the Hazard Risk Assessment Instrument, Hazard and
Vulnerability Analysis by Kaizer Permanente, and the Pennsylvania Public Health Risk Assessment Tool were examined. The medical Business
Continuity Plan in Japan, and the National Infrastructure Protection Plan in Korea were also analyzed. The results of this research indicated
that according to the Disaster and Safety Act, the preparedness plan should include medical institutions, not just emergency medical services.
It is essential for risk vulnerability assessments and business continuity plans to seek varying tactics and approaches. Additionally, major risks
and key management risks should be prepared in advance and assessed through data accumulation.