Title A Study on the Weights according to the Types of Tenants for Exploration of the Optimal Evacuation Routes in the Multi-use Commercial Buildings
Authors 김민석(Kim, Minseok) ; 차지은(Cha, Jieun) ; 김영선(Kim, Youngsun) ; 한규빈(Han, Gyu Bin) ; 박지현(Park, Jihyun)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.3.71
Page pp.71-80
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Evacuation route search; Weight; Multi-use Commercial Building; AHP; Tenant; Evacuation
Abstract The purpose of this study is to derive architectural weights that enable exploration of evacuation routes reflecting spatial planning aspects when using hybrid spatial representation methods in cellular evacuation cost evaluation method (Cellular ECEM). This study is to apply the architectural planning characteristics of each store type as a weight to the node-link spatial representation method, targeting anchor tenants of the multi-use commercial buildings. Previous studies were used to extract evacuation influencing factors based on the use of space and questionnaires were filled out by architecture and fire safety experts regarding the aforementioned factors and types of tenants in such buildings; an analytic hierarchy process (AHP) was conducted to compare the relative difficulty on evacuation between the types of tenants. The result of this research provided the relative weights as a basis for deriving architectural weights of each types of tenants in the multi-use commercial building. Through further experiments applying these results, the architectural weights for each use of space would be able to be derived.