||The ‘Architecture-ness’ of Martin Heidegger and Louis I. Kahn
||한상우(Han, Sang-Woo) ; 백진(Baek, Jin)
|| Ontology; Being; Existence; Dwelling; Institution; Art; Equipment
||In this era, architecture can be considered either as art, equipment, or something else. This study focuses on the architectural philosophy of
Martin Heidegger and Louis I. Kahn. Martin Heidegger confronts interpretative limitations by treating architecture as either art or equipment;
whereas Louis I. Kahn reflects the architecture with the frame of a social institution and opens a new horizon of architectural ontology.
Their philosophical search for architecture originates from the consciousness of social and institutional difficulties derived from international
style, functionalism, pragmatism and modernism. They adopted the methodologies of searching for the philosophical and architectural
keywords, such as bauen and form, to address the problem of contaminated language. Finally, the typical examples and characteristics of the
thing-ness of architecture, also known as architecture-ness, are completely different from each other. For instance, Heidegger illustrates the
examples of a Greek temple and a farmhouse in the Black Forest being well situated in-between things such as topographical and natural
things; Kahn suggests the image of the new Institution of housing, education and transportation based on availability and supported by
members of the community in a city.