Title The ‘Architecture-ness’ of Martin Heidegger and Louis I. Kahn
Authors 한상우(Han, Sang-Woo) ; 백진(Baek, Jin)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.5.95
Page pp.95-106
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Ontology; Being; Existence; Dwelling; Institution; Art; Equipment
Abstract In this era, architecture can be considered either as art, equipment, or something else. This study focuses on the architectural philosophy of Martin Heidegger and Louis I. Kahn. Martin Heidegger confronts interpretative limitations by treating architecture as either art or equipment; whereas Louis I. Kahn reflects the architecture with the frame of a social institution and opens a new horizon of architectural ontology. Their philosophical search for architecture originates from the consciousness of social and institutional difficulties derived from international style, functionalism, pragmatism and modernism. They adopted the methodologies of searching for the philosophical and architectural keywords, such as bauen and form, to address the problem of contaminated language. Finally, the typical examples and characteristics of the thing-ness of architecture, also known as architecture-ness, are completely different from each other. For instance, Heidegger illustrates the examples of a Greek temple and a farmhouse in the Black Forest being well situated in-between things such as topographical and natural things; Kahn suggests the image of the new Institution of housing, education and transportation based on availability and supported by members of the community in a city.