Title Experimental Study on the Factors Affecting Fear of Crime to Single-person Households in University Town
Authors 서민진(Seo, Min-Jin) ; 강석진(Kang, Seok-Jin)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.9.57
Page pp.57-68
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Multi-family Housing; Street Crime; Fear of Crime; Experimental Research; Focus Group Interview
Abstract This study examines factors that affect the fear of crime experienced by single-person households living in multi-family housing (general or piloti buildings) that require high levels of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED). There was a significant correlation between the window size of a low-story house and the fear of violence during the day and at night based on the experiment results. Additionally, it was found that parking in front of buildings was significantly positively related to the fear of crime, including burglary and violence during the day. For crime prevention building criteria related to multi-family housing, the ratio of factors applied to facilities was much higher than architectural factors. In conclusion, architectural standards should be developed to enhance the natural surveillance of windows and staircases, as well as to clarify the territoriality of the first-floor entrance space (parking as well as a pedestrian).