Title The Characteristics of Contextual Factors Reflected in Architecture Design That Integrates Urban Design
Authors 김현주(Kim, Hyun-Ju)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.10.3
Page pp.3-14
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Urban Context; Contextual Factor; Context Factor; Locality; Architecture Design integrated with Urban Design; Europan Competition; Urban Regeneration
Abstract In this study, architecture design integrated with urban design could be defined as urban-architecture design with a vision for urban development and locality through a contextual approach beyond a site area at the district and city range level. The Europan competition works were analyzed where architects proposed space and architectural design on a microscale, medium-scale and macroscale for synergy effect proposes of a city and its architecture. The following characteristics of contextual factors were selected from the site area, district area and the whole city area that reflected this design concept. The vision of the urban regeneration project leads from a design direction on the macroscale to the urban concept on a district scale that must then connect to the architecture project on a microscale. This connection is made by selecting the major context factor for a design direction from the micro site area. Even if the context factor was selected from other spatial areas, it could be made when the architectural form and spatial composition are influenced by the selected factors. The green space and external space as a context factor of a local area and of the site is important for architecture design integrated with urban design in creating a social place that considers the ecological and environmental factors of a district. In architecture design integrated with urban design, it is also important to show the continuity of the historical context on the urban scale through the elements in common with the historical factor selected from the entire city area and its architecture design. This strengthens the identity of the city and gives a symbolic character to a building.