Title Spatial Configurations of Nursery and Primary Schools
Authors 강준경(Kang, Junekyung) ; 김다은(Kim, Daeun)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.10.15
Page pp.15-25
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Nursery; Primary School; Nursery-Primary School; Spatial Configuration; Case Analysis
Abstract Due to the continuing decline in the number of students and the need to connect educational environments of nursery and primary schools, a type of school where both exist is expected to become an effective way to cope with social change and help resolve difficulties in the Korean education system. Operating two educational facilities such as a nursery and primary school in the same building are quite common overseas; this type of educational facility is expected to show different spatial configurations compared to existing ones. The purpose of this study is to present the characteristics of spatial composition and planning methods that appear in nursery and primary schools by analyzing international cases to establish a framework for spatial analysis of each space configuration. The spatial structure of cases was analyzed by using Space Syntax, a spatial structure analysis methodology. Based on the results, planning methods for nursery and primary schools were presented. Through spatial analysis, the relationship between nursery and primary school facilities, study areas and play/meeting areas, student areas and teacher areas were mainly examined. Results of this research had significance in providing data needed for planning nursery and primary schools and is expected to be used for establishing planning guidelines for domestic nursery and primary schools.