Title The fear of Crime at the Building Entrance of Single Female Households
Authors 이수현(Lee, Soo-hyun) ; 하미경(Ha, Mi-kyoung) ; 변기동(Byun, Gi-dong)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.10.61
Page pp.61-70
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Single Female households; Fear of Crime; Multi-family Housing; Entrance; CPTED; Eye-tracking
Abstract This study focused on female, single-person households. They are classified as the group living with the highest Fear of Crime(FoC) in daily life and experiences a negative effect on their overall physical, economic, and psychological well-being. The purpose of this study is to identify environmental factors that cause FoC in a residential atmosphere and to suggest improvement measures to create a safe residential environment. Therefore, this study was limited the scope to the entrance of multi-family housing in low-rise residential area that represents a major residential type of single female households. The relationship between each physical environmental factor and situational FoC through a survey and eye-tracking method based on case photos of entrances were analyzed. The results revealed that during the day, Piloti and building sign, and in night situations, entrance door, window, CCTV and building sign, road, mailbox, and Piloti had a significant impact on the FoC. To address safety concerns, improvements on the aforementioned factors should be considered first. Piloti should be clearly territorial and give the impression that strangers are restricted from entering. Appropriate alternatives should be prepared by investigating the location and area of windows. It is necessary to clearly visualize the boundary between the entrance and the road, and to install building and CCTV signs around the entrance door so that space users and strangers can recognize the area. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen the image of the private space around the mailbox, and change the mailbox design so that the contents of the mailbox can only be checked from the inside. The entrance used in this study was limited and is difficult to represent all buildings in a low-rise residential area. Nevertheless, This study is differentiated in that it identified a user's intuitive perception by using eye-tracking along with a survey. The results of this study can be used as useful data for improving the safety of residential environment, and improve single female household’s psychological well-being and quality of life.