Title Environmental Planning for Publicness Improvement of Urban Public Space
Authors 이경연(Lee, Gyeongyeon) ; 하미경(Ha, Mikyoung) ; 변기동(Byun, Gidong)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2022.38.11.61
Page pp.61-72
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Publicness; Public space; User-centered; Intergenerational Perception; Environmental Planning Factors
Abstract The purpose of this study is to derive specific realization plans and priorities for strengthening the publicness of urban public spaces that closely affect the quality of life for its urban residents. In this study, the perception of young people and the elderly were analyzed to derive environmental planning factors that affect the improvement on publicness of urban public spaces. These eight factors were explored: environmental planning considering emotional satisfaction, inclusive space planning, pedestrian-centered environmental planning, sustainable operations planning, easy-to-access facility planning, sanitary management planning, shared facilities planning, community support and integrated design planning. To improve the quality of life for individuals, the overall publicness of society needs to be strengthened. The youth and the elderly perceived publicness as important in all public spaces, and the elderly tended to perceive it as more significant. In particular, there was a tendency to perceive publicness as meaningful as medical and transportation facilities. There was a difference between generations in public administrative facilities and culture and arts facilities. It was found that the younger generation sought to expand publicness through efficiency and convenience, and the elderly through a sense of belonging and integration of the community. To improve the publicness of a neighborhood unit facility, a detailed operation plan considering the behavior and specific situations of major demand groups is required. In addition, the regional base facility should ensure access to facilities and programs as a top priority regardless of age. In future studies, based on the planning factors derived from this study, it will be possible to present practical plans and management plans for improving the publicness of a space created by surveying specific public spaces.