|A Study on the Housing Poverty and Mental Health in Single-person Households by Age Group Type
| Single-person households; Housing poverty; Mental health; Process macro model 6
|The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of housing poverty on mental health in single-person households. Using the 15th Korean
Welfare Panel research data, single-person households were classified into young, middle-aged, and elderly people, and analyzed using Heyes'
process macro model 6. The sample size was 2,092 households. The results of this study were as follows; 23.8% of young single-person
households, 28.6% of middle-aged single-person households, and 28.2% of elderly single-person households were found to be housing poverty.
Single-person households for young people were the most influenced by the overload of housing costs, and single-person households for old
people were the most influenced by falling short of the minimum housing standard. For middle-aged single-person households, the simple
mediating path to housing poverty→self-esteem→subjective happiness and the double mediating path to housing poverty→self-esteem→
depression→subjective happiness were statistically significant. For elderly single-person households, both the simple mediating path to housing
poverty→self-esteem→subjective happiness and the simple mediating path to housing poverty→ depression→subjective happiness were
statistically significant. In addition, it was found that the double mediating path to housing poverty→self-esteem→depression→subjective
happiness was significant. Based on the results of this study, suggestions on housing policy were made.