Title A Study on the Characteristics of Domestic Temporary Residential Facilities and Resident Satisfaction
Authors 이상희(Lee, Sang-Hee) ; 김봉애(Kim, Bong-Ae)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.2.71
Page pp.71-82
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Temporary Residential Facilities; Emergency Shelters; Temporary Housing; Prefabricated Housing; Post Occupancy Evaluation
Abstract This study examines the characteristics of domestic temporary residential facilities by analyzing and evaluating its residential conditions of temporary residential facilities provided during the 2019 wildfire in Goseong, Gangwon-do. Variables related to improving resident satisfaction and hierarchy were identified. Data that can be used to support and operate temporary residential facilities in the event of a disaster was provided. The research methodology included field surveys, questionnaires, and interviews. Samples were collected using snowball sampling and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics v.24. The findings revealed that during the Goseong wildfire, government and corporate training centers, and temporary residential facilities such as gymnasiums, senior centers, and village halls were provided as emergency shelters. This is first case where the prefabricated housing budget was reflected in the government’s recovery plan. The government provided vacant apartments nearby through rental arrangements with the families whose houses were destroyed. The government also provided prefabricated housing free of charge. Existing private residential areas and prefabricated housing complexes where the houses were destroyed in the wildfire were used as the sites for these prefabricated housing. The stages from the residents’ evacuation route immediately after the disaster to their relocation to temporary residences and then restoration of the damaged housing included emergency evacuation such as short-term residence or emergency shelters and temporary residence in temporary housing. Hierarchical regression analysis was performed to determine the hierarchy among variables affecting satisfaction from prefabricated housing based on the variables derived from multiple regression analysis. The result showed that indoor ventilation was the most influential variable, followed by the number of rooms and the time until the provision of prefabricated housing.