Title Analysis of Perceptions and Needs Characteristics by Generation for Urban Shared Housing
Authors 주운수(Zhou, Yunxiu) ; 이소연(Lee, Soyeon) ; 김영주(Kim, Youngjoo)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.6.27
Page pp.27-38
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Urban Shared Housing; Generational Perception; Space Need; Housing Service
Abstract The study aims to compare the perceptions and needs of urban shared housing according to different age group, and conducted a survey as a mean of analysis. Survey participants were those living in Seoul and Gyeonggi area in South Korea, who responded to an online questionnaire. For comparative analysis by generation, survey-takers in their 20s and 30s were classified in the "Youth" group. those in their 40s and 50s in the "Middle-age" group, and those in their 60s and older in the "Elderly" group. According to research findings, the greatest generational difference was in the survey participants perception of relationships with neighbors. Preference towards friendliness and interaction with neighbors increased with older age group, while youths wanted less interaction with neighbors. In the case of youths and middle-aged participants, they saw urban shared housing as a short-term residence type, living there for only a short period of time in the form of chonsei (multi-year, large deposit rental method unique to South Korea). On the other hand, while some elderly participants shared similar thoughts as their younger counterparts, others wanted to spend the rest of their lives there by having ownership over such housing type. Furthermore, regarding the physical space of urban shared housing, small households across all age groups wanted to maintain similar personal spaces, but showed differences in their needs for communal spaces. Older generations preferred to have leisure-related spaces, while youths sought after convenient and practical facilities. Existing studies on shared housing have been mainly carried out with fragmentary case studies of one age group or a specific target. In this study, the difference in perception of shared housing for various age groups will be compared together, and it will be a meaningful data when planning or developing urban shared housing in the future.