Title Exploring the Deep Envelope of Collective Housing Architecture in France
Authors 조인호(Cho, In Ho)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.6.77
Page pp.77-86
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Collective Housing; Urban Architecture; Urban Block; Architectural Object; Envelope; Facade; Spatial Layer; Multiple Stratification
Abstract The purpose of this study is to reveal the transformation of modern buildings from standalone structures juxtaposed amidst streets, representing the dissolution of the urban block, to contextual objects that contribute to the construction of traditional urban spaces. This evolution is achieved through the adjustment of the envelope composition method at block boundaries in response to urban block reconstructions. Through a case study focusing on French housing examples that exemplify the urban architectural trend of delineating distinct exterior spaces on both the front and rear sides of the building, this study investigates how the envelope composition method is adjusted to differentiate the exterior of the envelope from the interior while preserving the characteristic forms of modern architecture known as pellicle and object. The findings demonstrate that the pellicle is reconfigured through the use of folded, overlapped, or attached planes, which generate spatial layers on the envelope and establish a boundary between the urban space and the dwelling space. This process signifies multiple stratification, wherein traditional architecture’s binary separation, characterized by a thick poche, and modern architecture’s unidirectional continuity, defined by a thin pellicle, transition into a gradual articulation with multiple thin spatial layers between the inside and outside.