Title A Study on the Architectural Characteristics of Public Institutions by Toyo Ito
Authors 박예지(Park, Ye-Gee) ; 이원석(Lee, Wonshok)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.6.95
Page pp.95-106
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Toyo Ito; Boundary; Ambiguity; Public Institutions
Abstract This study analyzes the spatial attributes of Toyo Ito’s public institutions, focusing on the concept of boundary ambiguity. Toyo Ito, a renowned Japanese architect, and recipient of the 2013 Pritzker Prize, argues that public institutions should not merely serve as functional spaces, but rather as environments where citizens can freely gather, relax, and forge new communities. He emphasizes the freedom of user movement and the potential for communication, prioritizing these over strict functionality and efficiency. Toyo Ito consistently advocates for a sense of freedom and ambiguous order, inspired by the natural world, to grant autonomy to spaces and enhance communication. His architectural concepts encompass Blurring Architecture, Emerging Grid, and the merging of internal and external boundaries. Through these concepts, it becomes evident that Toyo Ito’s spatial compositions within public institutions evolve through shifts in grids and structural elements. Furthermore, boundary elements undergo various forms of deconstruction that align with natural characteristics, revealing the ambiguity of physical and cognitive boundaries. These ambiguous boundaries create overlaps in programming and foster new interactions through interferences. Instead of conventional public spaces, Toyo Ito’s architecture features fluid, blurry, and ambiguous boundaries, designed to encourage interaction. This can be seen as a pioneering endeavor in response to the demands of a new era.