Title The Spatial Configuration of OSA's Housing Proposals in the Early Soviet Era
Authors 한현주(Han, Hyunju) ; 김정수(Kim, Jung Soo)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.6.119
Page pp.119-130
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Soviet; OSA; Individual-collective; Housing Proposals; Spatial Configuration
Abstract In light of societal changes emphasizing the individual’s significance over the traditional family structure, this study delves into the housing proposals put forth by the Union of Contemporary Architects (OSA) during the 1920s. Drawing upon the Soviet concept of new individuals and collectives replacing the conventional family, this research investigates diverse concepts of spatial organization and the potential linkage between private and public urban spaces. The results revealed that OSA’s proposals can be categorized into seven distinct periods, reflecting changes in their organizational structure and the evolution of their housing ideas. Notably, these proposals present varied approaches to unit configurations and the integration of individuals within the urban fabric. However, a recurring theme among them is the replacement of the communal spaces traditionally centered around the family, now replaced by group-oriented communal spaces, without the inclusion of individual rooms in the contemporary sense. Thus, while advocating for the dissolution of the family and the formation of new communities, the housing proposals from that era demonstrate similarities to contemporary schemes while maintaining spatial organization and connections reminiscent of traditionally family-centered dwellings.