Title Factors of Sustainable Development for Cities and Neighborhoods through the Frame of Social Sustainability
Authors 윤효원(Yoon, Hyo-Won) ; 이상희(Lee, Sang Hee) ; 이선영(Rieh, Sun-Young)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.7.21
Page pp.21-31
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Social sustainability; UN SDGs; Cities and Communities; LEED; BREEAM
Abstract Sustainable development was initially discussed in the context of the environment, but as the importance of social and economic sustainability has recently emerged, the ‘environmental’, ‘economic’ and ‘social’ sustainability have developed into three pillars of sustainable development. Social sustainability is a broad concept including various conflicting elements among stakeholders and clear and specific standards are needed to be accepted in the local context. In order to set clear and specific standards for social sustainability in urban and neighborhood development, this study reviews goals, guidelines, and assessment tools of social sustainability pursued by international organizations such as UNSDGs, OECD, and WHO to form a frame for analysis and common elements of social sustainability were identified. Through this frame, assessment factors drawn from the recently developed global environmental assessment system for cities and neighborhoods are analyzed and it was possible to find similarities and consistent features for social sustainability in the scale of urban and neighborhood. Social sustainability pursued by international organizations in terms of the urban environment could be identified as the ‘urban physical environment’, ‘social activity environment’, and ‘personal psychological environment’ and through this frame it was possible to analyze the characteristics of social sustainability derived from global environmental assessment systems such as LEED and BREEAM at the level of neighborhoods and communities. As a result, key features of social sustainability such as accessibility, safety, amenity, equity, sense of community, inclusivity, and sense of place (locality) are drawn as critical factors through the analysis of LEED-Cities & Communities, LEED-ND, and BREEAMCommunities.