Title A Study on the Characteristics of Contemporary Architecture Through the Lens of Antimonumentality
Authors 정미연(Jung, Mi-Yeon) ; 임영환(Lim, Yeong-Hwan)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.7.75
Page pp.75-85
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Kuma Kengo; RCR Arquitectes; Antimonumentality; Monument; Antimonument Architecture
Abstract This study aims to analyze the characteristics of antimonument by examining the historical transition process and case studies to explore the application of antimonumentality in the projects of Kuma Kengo and RCR Arquitectes. Both architects reject the rigid artificiality of concrete and instead use materials that embody a flexible concept of time, allowing for intervention and adaptation to actual temporality. Kumo Kengo utilizes natural materials, while RCR Arquitectes employs iron and incorporates the passage of time through the aging and corrosion of each material. Furthermore, the manipulation of light and shadow is utilized to introduce an element of actual temporality. Both architects challenge the prevailing artificiality by embracing the surrounding environment. They reject dichotomous thinking such as artificial versus natural or interior versus exterior, opting instead for a nuanced expression of architecture characterized by gradation, in-between spaces, and the fragmentation of materials with boundaries that blur into the natural surroundings. Lastly, the two architects establish a strong connection to the surrounding landscape and actively engage in a dialogue with nature. Their designs seek to create a sense of place and foster interactive communication with the natural environment by seamlessly integrating nature into the architecture. Amid various changes in contemporary architecture, their approaches to antimonumentality offer diverse paths to transcend the traditional concept of monument architecture. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of antimonument as a counterpoint to monument architecture and specifically focus on the works of Kuma Kengo and RCR Arquitectes from the perspective of antimonumentality.