Title Evaluating School Library Enhancements Through Environmental Psychology
Authors 이소희(Lee, So Hee) ; 이경선(Lee, Kyung Sun)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.11.71
Page pp.71-82
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Post-Occupancy Evaluation(POE); Environmental Psychology; User Satisfaction; Preferences; Educational Space; School Library
Abstract This study focuses on identifying design elements that improve user experience and satisfaction through the use of Post-Occupancy Evaluation (POE), a methodology rooted in environmental psychology. The library at "A" Elementary School in Seoul was selected for this investigation, as it underwent a 2022 restructuring initiative led by the Seoul Metropolitan Office of Education. Research methods included reviewing previous POE studies, administering surveys, performing spatial analysis, and conducting interviews. Surveys were conducted with library users before and after the renovation to assess satisfaction levels, spatial preferences, and usability. Interviews further enriched the survey findings. The data revealed that, despite frequent use during class sessions, group learning spaces received lower satisfaction scores compared to other areas. This was primarily due to teacher-centric book placements and furniture designs that limited seating flexibility. Excluding these group learning areas, all reading spaces received high satisfaction ratings, often exceeding 4 out of 5. This indicated that a variety of reading spaces significantly influenced user satisfaction and preference. Concerning post-renovation library usability, factors such as the visibility of the library entrance, the presence of rest and reading areas, and unobstructed movement within the library played a central role in enhancing overall user satisfaction. It was also determined that the renovation increased interest in space usage, leading to more frequent library visits. This research underscores the importance of POE in evaluating and improving the effectiveness of educational space design. It illustrates how insights into user satisfaction and behavior can be valuable in optimizing school space restructuring.