The Journal of
the Korean Institute of Interior Design

  • ISSN : 1229-7992(Print)
  • ISSN : 2733-6832(Online)
  • KCI Accredited Journal

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An Analysis of Pavilion Designs based on Three Components of Placeness in Urban Public Spaces

문은미(Moon, Eun-Mi)

This study aims to analyze the designs of pavilions which play important roles to make common urban spaces into places. Pavilions have been built as the pivot point of surrounding urban setting as well as catalysts to revitalize various activities in urban plazas and spaces. They are anchors in place-making from which urban plazas can have the identity and image of their own and attract people into the places. The study analyzes pavilion designs based on the Relph’s theory of placeness which has the three components of design connecting, activity sharing, and meaning providing. The study also examines the five examples of the pavilion designs which are the Vieux Port Pavilion in Marseille, Stadspodium Rotterdam, the Plaza la Lira at Ripoll, Vierwindentuin Pavilion at Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, and the Pavilion in the city center at Gignac-la-Nerthe, and finds their important design qualities as follow. First, the pavilion designs play vital roles to make places unique by linking vistas and paths, by providing daily uses and special events and by symbolizing civic history and culture. Thus, the pavilions provide opportunities to experience places where visitors and neighbors sense daily niches, festivals, and civic events. With the pavilions, ordinary plazas and the corners of streets turn into new and meaningful places to people. Second, the pavilions in the public spaces link civic vistas for visitors as they locate at the edges of waterfronts between nature and buildings. The pavilions on the cross-paths of empty lots in building blocks, also, link pedestrian paths. In addition, the pavilions often act as visual frameworks and gate ways to cities, thus they are designed with horizontal roof lines and box frames that allow visual openness. Third, the pavilions in the public spaces often form giant urban canopies as well as the common roofs for communities without fixed usages. Thus the pavilions allow diverse activities in them such as leisure, promenades, and rests as well as large-sized performances and events. Therefore, the pavilions are often void open spaces with minimum utility functions to permit maximum flexibility. Fourth, the pavilions in the public spaces are symbolic markers that tend to express continuity of local culture and historic context. They tend to have the designs of traditional forms, ornaments, materials, and colors rather than formal originality and visual uniqueness. The roof designs of the pavilions are often parts to create uniqueness by reflecting or transmitting light in order to fuse with nature. The study finds the qualities of pavilion designs in ordinary urban spaces which makes the spaces into unique places. The examples of this study demonstrate that the designs are achieved by linking of physical arrangement, mediating activities, and symbolizing local cultures and historic contexts. Also, this research would suggest the future design direction of pavilions in urban contexts.

An Exploratory Study of the Educational Utilization of Web-based Tools in Design Problem-Solving Process

조명은(Cho, Myung Eun) ; 김미정(Kim, Mi Jeong)

For creative design thinking, a series of actions to understand problems, search for solutions, and select alternatives should be systematized. To do this, we need to provide a strategic method that helps students reframe their problem-solving in a new context. The purpose of this study is to explore the applicability of web tools that students can use positively in the early stages of concept design. A remote collaborative design scenario was developed as an experimental study and an experiment was conducted with architecture students using a web-based application called Miro. After the experiment, questionnaires and interviews were conducted, and the analysis results are as follows. First, the students who performed the design task in Miro had a very high sense of co-presence and social presence with other team members. Presence is an important variable that affects effective learning in an online education environment, and learners’ experiences through Miro were very positive. Miro is expected to be advantageous for remote collaboration as a space-based collaboration tool because it provides a sense of presence. Second, it was found that Miro has the potential to support the problem-solving process such as set-up goal, problem reinterpretation, engagement, and cognitive synchronization. Miro supports co-evolution, in which learners constantly repeat the process of recognizing problems and searching for solutions. Third, Miro provides a unified workspace that supports joint sketching among remote team members. If students use Miro to brainstorm in the concept design stage, it is expected that they will lead a project kick-off process effectively. This study is significant in that it overcomes the limitations of traditional studio class-centered design education and attempts the possibility of a new design education suitable for the changing era.

A Study on the Space Composition of Domestic Music Awards Ceremony Stages for TV Program Production - Focused on the Golden Awards -

윤진희(Yoon, Jin-Hee)

This study focuses on the composition and use of space to effectively deliver the content in TV program production. To this end, by analyzing the spatial arrangement and expressive elements according to the composition of the music awards ceremony stage and identifying the relationship between the stage composition and camera angle, essential matters that need to be considered when designing the stage space of a TV program are derived. The purpose of study is to provide the basic data for future broadcast stage space design methodology. The Golden Disk Awards, which proceeds as a live broadcast every year, was selected as a research subject, and the stages of domestic music awards ceremonies broadcast over the past five years from 2019 to 2023 were set as a scope of the research. The research method is as follows. First, the concept of broadcast stage space is defined for the composition and understanding of the music awards ceremony stage, and the role and expressive characteristics of this space in TV programs are investigated. Second, this study analyzes the spatial arrangement and characteristics of the music awards ceremony stage based on the stage design and floor plan. Third, the expressive elements of spatial composition are expressed on the screen is analyzed. Fourth, the camera movement and placement to understand how camera angles shape the space and induce depth perception is analyzed. Through this study, the researcher reinterpreted the correlation between formative and technical elements of the awards ceremony stage space, and confirmed the importance of constructing a space that takes spatial composition characteristics into consideration to improve the quality of the TV program production environment. Through this analysis, creative methods that can be applied to the stage space configuration of the music award ceremony program to improve the quality of the program and the viewer's experience were derived, and a design standard for the broadcast stage space was established.

Analyzing the Fragrance Flagship Store with Brandscaping

정보라(Jung, Bo-Ra) ; 이주형(Lee, Ju-Hyeong)

In order to study the importance of spatial design in the consumption of brand emotions through fragrance flagship stores, this study analyzes previous studies to derive the characteristics of brand scaping. The scope of this study is limited to fragrance flagship stores opened within the last five years in Seoul, Korea, and six cases located in the metropolitan area are analyzed. The research methodology is as follows. First, we reviewed the current status of fragrance flagship stores and the theoretical background on brand scaping. Second, we analyzed the characteristics of brandscaping applied to the studied fragrance flagship stores. Third, we discussed the necessity of analyzing fragrance flagship stores based on the characteristics of brandscaping with examples. Finally, conclusions were drawn and directions for further research were suggested. Therefore, it is significant to suggest effective branding strategies for fragrance flagship stores.

Thirty-Year Development of Interior Design Research through Keyword Data Analysis

이소연(Lee, Soyeon) ; 김지안(Kim, Jian)

The purpose of this study is to analyze the research characteristics of interior design studies and systematically review the trends over time based on articles by the “Journal of the Korean Institute of Interior Design”. The 30-year development aspect was classified into 10-year intervals and analyzed across three periods, spanning from the establishment of the Interior Design Society in 1992 up until 2021. A total of 3,098 papers and 7,279 keywords presented in the articles were analyzed and VOSviewer, a network analysis software, was utilized to classify and visualize the keywords. Through keyword network analysis, the frequency and total link strength were extracted, and it was visualized to identify the distribution and connection of the keywords. The research findings revealed that during the first period (1992-2001), there was active research about exhibition spaces like museums and interior space planning altogether with remodeling and spatial organization. Regarding residential spaces, most of the research focused on detached houses. In the second period (2002-2011), the research scope expanded to include apartment houses and public libraries in addition to exhibition spaces and research with emotional design and digital technology were added to research on interior space theories. In the third period (2012-2021), the most significant development was the surge in the research about spatial analysis that utilized digital technology like eye tracking and space syntax and there was also a growing interest in public spaces. Furthermore, active research was conducted about socio-demographic changes, such as the elderly and single-person households, marking a shift from space-centered research to user-centered research. In conclusion, from a time-series perspective, research related to interior design studies has been subdivided and diversified, and a trend has been identified that focuses on human-centered design.

A Neuroarchitectural Exploration of the Impact of Natural Views in Campus Indoor Common Areas Using VR and EEG

김시은(Kim, Sieun) ; 하미경(Ha, Mikyoung)

This article explores how natural views in indoor designs impact occupants neuroarchitecturally. Psychophysiological responses and cognitive behaviors were examined, including EEG analysis in a VR environment and a subjective spatial perception survey with 40 participants. Comparing spaces with and without natural views, EEG data revealed decreased relative power of beta waves and increased alpha-to-beta ratio in natural view settings, signifying psychological stability and relaxation. These findings suggest that environments with natural views contribute to stabilizing psychological and physiological brain activity, leading to decreased arousal and induced relaxation. The analysis of EEG data of occipital lobe and alpha waves yielded contrasting results, emphasizing the appropriateness of employing beta waves and the alpha-to-beta wave ratio as emotion indicators within spatial contexts. Furthermore, the spatial perception survey also indicated that natural view spaces were perceived as open, warm, and attractive, evoking positive emotions and preferences for such settings. This underscores neuroarchitecture's potential to induce stability, positive emotions, and user preferences via indirect natural engagement in indoor design.

A Study on Analyzing Space Directing Strategies for Digital Media Experience of Nike Concept Store

최원선(Choi, Won-Sun)

The purpose of this study is to find out in detail through digital media and experiential elements the spatial direction strategy of the Nike concept store where the digital experiential strategy was implemented as a whole.The subjects of the study were limited to the Nike Rise Seoul store and the Nike Style Hongdae store, which were launched under the concept of digital experience. As for the research process, the basis for the study was first prepared through literature data, precedent research, and internet research. In addition, evaluation items for analysis were set by reconstructing space marketing elements for digital media and experience elements of previous studies. As for the method of analysis, an in-depth interview was used, and 5 space design experts visited and evaluated the target store, followed by an interview with the expert, and the following results were finally drawn. First, in the digital media strategy applied to Nike's concept store, it was analyzed that direction was the most important core strategy. Second, the most central experience of the Nike Concept Store is a sensory experience. Third, the Nike Concept Store organizes various spaces to provide consumers with a fun and impressive brand experience. In addition, digital experience production was implemented in spaces that could be strategically neglected, such as fitting rooms and payment spaces, to differentiate the store. Fourth, Nike is most focused on digital media and experiential production in the sales space of the concept store. Specifically, it is implementing a strategy to realize powerful digital media and experiential production centered on the IP space of the sales space and the customizing space of the brand image space. Also, rather than executing digital experience directing in the show window, it is mainly implemented in the VP space in the store. This study can be used as a practical reference for the establishment and implementation of experiential strategies using digital media in sales spaces of various industries as well as sports brands.

A Study on the Space Composition and Utilization of Welfare Facilities in Elderly Welfare Housing

문자영(Moon, Ja-Young) ; 황연숙(Hwang, Yeon-Sook)

At a time when the elderly population has recently accelerated, welfare housing for the elderly is a customized house for the elderly that provides customized services to the elderly living alone by building a combination of welfare and residential facilities in one permanent rental building in 2015. The purpose of this study is to diagnose problems with the current status and use of welfare facilities for the elderly and to use them as basic data for future spatial planning improvement plans. The research method was to visit eight survey subjects and conduct observation surveys, actual surveys, and operator interviews. Spatial composition, area composition status, service content, and actual use status by case were investigated, and conclusions on improvement measures were presented by comprehensive analysis. The results of this study are as follows. First, as changes and neglect occur in the use of space, it is necessary to survey the needs of the elderly during initial planning so that spaces with high demand can be planned first. Second, it is recommended to use the space for regularly used convenience facilities, and sufficient consideration must be given to the planned area to ensure that the program room is not altered. Third, there are differences in service content for each facility, and therefore, a more effective and efficient operating system guide as a local facility must be established through specific operating guidelines for integrated community care. Fourth, there is a lack of barrier-free design, so design guidelines that can be used safely and more conveniently are needed.

Study on the Design of Furniture Showroom Using Spatial Marketing Strategic Elements

한경화(Han, Kyung-Hwa) ; 황연숙(Hwang, Yeon-Sook)

Due to recent improvements in income levels, cultural standards, and an increasing desire for an enhanced quality of life, consumer trends have shifted towards experience-centric consumption. At the same time, the furniture market is growing due to the diversification of lifestyles. Furniture showrooms, as offline spaces for displaying and selling furniture, need to develop competitive design strategies to stand out from other brands. Therefore, The purpose of this study is to analyze the design of furniture showrooms by deriving spatial marketing strategy elements, which can serve as basic data for competitive furniture showroom spaces that can meet consumer needs. The research extracted four strategic elements of space marketing: Spatial elements, Sensory elements, Narrative elements, and Relational elements, and developed a checklist based on these elements. The analysis focused on furniture showrooms of standalone brand furniture located in the metropolitan area. The findings of this study are as follows: In terms of space marketing, Spatial Elements were found to be the most prominent, with showrooms predominantly utilizing an open and inviting exterior to attract consumer interest from the outside. Relational Elements were the least emphasized, indicating a lack of programs aimed at enhancing consumer understanding of the brand and products and effectively conveying brand values and purpose.

A Study on the Characteristics of Urban Parks Based on Kevin Lynch’s Five Dimensions of Good City Form Theory

권예진(Kwon, Ye-jin) ; 김동식(Kim, Dongsik)

Public spaces should be available to anyone, and communities can be activated through social relations and various activities by using the public space as a medium. Urban parks are public spaces with such diversity and inclusivity. Urban parks, which can safely operate in open spaces, are emerging as a key keyword in the urban planning and development process, and urban parks are becoming a very important factor in the city at a time when interest in livable cities that provide happiness and value in life continues to increase. Therefore, this study aims to analyze urban parks that can expect positive effects in various fields by applying Kevin Lynch’s Five Dimensions of Good City Form Theory and theories on public space. In terms of the scope of the study, Busan Metropolitan City, one of the largest metropolitan cities in Korea, was designated as the scope of the study, a city with various cultures and histories. Busan has separately set and managed five landmark urban parks with different themes (Yongdusan Park, Busan Citizen Park, Geumgang Park, Jung-ang Park, and Busan Children’s Grand Park). Landmark Urban Park is suitable for detailed analysis because it reflects the symbolic elements of the city and functions as a major destination It’s going to work. Accordingly, on-site surveys, online surveys, and analyses were conducted through schematization, and problems and improvement measures were presented based on the results. Finally, it aims to identify problems through detailed analysis and present improvement measures to be used as basic data in urban planning.