Title Category Derivation of 'Hanok Architectural Style' through Typology Analysis
Authors 손동화(Shon, Donghwa) ; 이종민(Lee, Jongmin)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2020.36.11.15
Page pp.15-24
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Hanok Architectural Style; Architectural Image; Typology of Hanok; Case Study; SOM(Self-Organizing Map)
Abstract In June 2014, “ACT ON VALUE ENHANCEMENT OF HANOK AND OTHER ARCHITECTURAL ASSETS” was enacted to conserve and spread architectural assets from a broad perspective. The term 'Hanok Architectural Style' has been newly introduced in the law for the purpose of broadly supporting Hanok. However, policy performance related with “Hanok Architectural Style” was remarkably low. The main reason for the sluggish performance is that the standards and scope of the “Hanok Architectural Style” are unclear. 'Hanok Architecture Style' defines the concept from a broad perspective in the four criteria of 'form, structure, technology and materials'. This originated from the legal purpose of embracing various hanoks and reflecting locality. However, for the proper policy operation, it is required to present an architectural image with minimum standards. Therefore, this study aims to embody the concept and category of the 'Hanok Architecture Style' by analyzing the types of cases. Cases were collected by conducting an online survey on architectural practice workers, and the types were classified through SOM cluster analysis. As a result of the study, six types of Hanok architecture were found. Type 1 - Hanok with pillars, beams, and a Korean roof frame on a wooden structure, but a part of the outer wall is improved, Type 2 - Hanok with modern or vertical architecture, Type 3 - Building with some Hanok elements applied, Type 4- Hanok taking the shape and structure of Hanok, Type 5 - Hanok, which takes the form of a hanok but has a concrete structure, Type 6 - A modern reinterpretation of traditional architecture were classified as above. These types show a wide range in terms of traditional fidelity, and show detailed differences in the degree of identification of traditional elements within each type. Using the research results, the boundary of the Hanok architectural style was identified and the architectural type was suggested, thereby providing a basis for establishing policy standards in the country or region.