|Category Derivation of 'Hanok Architectural Style' through Typology Analysis
|손동화(Shon, Donghwa) ; 이종민(Lee, Jongmin)
| Hanok Architectural Style; Architectural Image; Typology of Hanok; Case Study; SOM(Self-Organizing Map)
|In June 2014, “ACT ON VALUE ENHANCEMENT OF HANOK AND OTHER ARCHITECTURAL ASSETS” was enacted to conserve and
spread architectural assets from a broad perspective. The term 'Hanok Architectural Style' has been newly introduced in the law for the
purpose of broadly supporting Hanok. However, policy performance related with “Hanok Architectural Style” was remarkably low. The main
reason for the sluggish performance is that the standards and scope of the “Hanok Architectural Style” are unclear. 'Hanok Architecture Style'
defines the concept from a broad perspective in the four criteria of 'form, structure, technology and materials'. This originated from the legal
purpose of embracing various hanoks and reflecting locality. However, for the proper policy operation, it is required to present an
architectural image with minimum standards. Therefore, this study aims to embody the concept and category of the 'Hanok Architecture Style'
by analyzing the types of cases. Cases were collected by conducting an online survey on architectural practice workers, and the types were
classified through SOM cluster analysis. As a result of the study, six types of Hanok architecture were found. Type 1 - Hanok with pillars,
beams, and a Korean roof frame on a wooden structure, but a part of the outer wall is improved, Type 2 - Hanok with modern or vertical
architecture, Type 3 - Building with some Hanok elements applied, Type 4- Hanok taking the shape and structure of Hanok, Type 5 -
Hanok, which takes the form of a hanok but has a concrete structure, Type 6 - A modern reinterpretation of traditional architecture were
classified as above. These types show a wide range in terms of traditional fidelity, and show detailed differences in the degree of
identification of traditional elements within each type. Using the research results, the boundary of the Hanok architectural style was identified
and the architectural type was suggested, thereby providing a basis for establishing policy standards in the country or region.