Title Environmental Planning Elements of Public Space for the Improvement of Urban Publicness From the Perspective of Small Households
Authors 오지은(Oh, Jieun) ; 하미경(Ha, Mikyoung) ; 변기동(Byun, Gidong)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.4.15
Page pp.15-26
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Publicness; Public Space; Small Households; Environmental Planning Element
Abstract This study aims to investigate the perception of publicness in urban spaces from the viewpoint of small households, which are the main household type in modern society. Environmental planning factors in public spaces were identified to potentially enhance the publicness of urban spaces and ultimately improve the quality of life for people residing in urban areas. Through research, it was discovered that small households highly value publicness and acknowledge its importance in enhancing the overall quality of life. However, it also revealed that publicness was not adequately maintained in such areas. To address this issue, this study emphasized the significance of urban public spaces that are commonly utilized in everyday life to improve publicness. Several public space types that small households value were identified as being medical facilities, street spaces, transportation facilities, welfare facilities, and information and culture facilities. Environmental planning factors to enhance the publicness of individual public spaces were derived through correlation analysis of detailed publicness evaluation factors such as connectivity, accessibility, openness, convenience, amenity, placeness, sustainability, and public space types. The findings of this study are anticipated to serve as fundamental data for future strategies that reflect social structural changes and improve the publicness of urban spaces. By enhancing the publicness of urban spaces, this study expects to boost the quality of life for individuals and society overall.