Title Architectural Type and Design Characteristics of Undersea Architecture
Authors 정원조(Jung, Won-Jo)
DOI https://doi.org/10.5659/JAIK.2023.39.4.69
Page pp.69-76
ISSN 2733-6247
Keywords Architectural Type; Space Utilization; Design Characteristics; Climate Change; Subsea Space; Undersea Architecture
Abstract In recent years, global warming has accelerated sea level rise, climate change and coastal erosion; the reality of a shortage of safe land use space is at hand. On the other hand, the demand for more active utilization of marine space has continuously been increasing due to the rising national income level and increasing industrial development pressure. To actively utilize marine space, it is necessary to consider a comprehensive utilization plan that includes the sea, under the sea, and the seabed. However, existing ocean space utilization methods are mainly focused on the coast and the sea; there is no research on three-dimensional space utilization including the subsea. Therefore, in this research, the types and design characteristics of subsea architecture space utilization cases world-wide was investigated and analyzed. As a result, it was found that the tourism type had the highest percentage of usage, and the average installed water depth was 5.1 m for the tourist type and 27.8 m for the research type. In terms of location and timing, the research type was installed mainly in the United States from the mid-1960s to the mid-1980s, and the tourism type was evenly distributed over the world's marine tourist destinations from 1996 to 2005. Additionally, the design characteristics of undersea architectures were mostly single-story and had a flat composition in consideration of the circulation according to the use. Space composition can be mainly divided into main space, support space, and public space; the detailed purpose may change depending on the purpose of use.