Mobile QR Code QR CODE : The Korean Institute of Power Electronics
Title Analysis of Current Control Stability using PI Control in Synchronous Reference Frame for Grid-Connected Inverter with LCL Filter
Authors Jongmin Jo ; Taejin Lee ; Donghyun Yun ; Hanju Cha
DOI 10.6113/TKPE/2016.21.2.168
Page pp.168-174
ISSN 1229-2214
Keywords LCL filter; Grid-connected inverter; Current control; Stability analysis
Abstract In this paper, current control using PI controller in the synchronous reference frame is analyzed through the relationship among bandwidth, resonance frequency, and sampling frequency in the grid-connected inverter with LCL filter. Stability is investigated by using bode plot in frequency domain and root locus in discrete domain. The feedback variable is the grid current, which is regulated by the PI controller in the synchronous reference frame. System delay is modeled as 1.5Ts, which contains computational and PWM modulator delay. Two resonance frequencies are given at 815 Hz and 3.16 kHz from LCL filter parameters. Sufficient phase and gain margins can be obtained to guarantee stable current control, in case that resonance frequency is above one-sixth of the sampling frequency. Unstable current control is performed when resonance frequency is below one-sixth of the sampling frequency. Analysis results of stability from frequency response and discrete response is the same regardless of resonance frequency. Finally, stability of current control based on theoretical analysis is clearly verified through simulation and experiment in grid-connected inverters with LCL filter.